Baku, Azerbaijan – The Azerbaijani city of Shusha, liberated from the occupation of Armenia after 28 years, is of great strategic importance.
Shusha, liberated 28 years after the occupation of Armenia, means more to Azerbaijanis than just a city.
In addition to being one of the symbols of Azerbaijani history and culture, Shusha is also of strategic importance, as it is located on the road leading to Khankendi, the largest city in Nagorno-Karabakh.
The great longing of the Shushans and Azerbaijanis, who were forced to leave that city 28 years ago, ended when the Azerbaijani army took control of the city of Shusha in an operation launched to save their territory.
Shusha, founded by Karabakh Khan Penahali in 1752, is an important city not only for Shushans, but for all Azerbaijanis, both because it has a large number of historical monuments and because a large number of distinguished scientists and cultural people were born here.
Shusha, which is considered the symbol city of Karabakh because of its historical and cultural riches and natural beauty, is also called the “cradle of Azerbaijani music” because of its famous composers and musicians.
The late President Heydar Aliyev called Shusha ” a great monument created by the Azerbaijani people and our ancestors. Shusha is not only for the people of Shusha, but also for all Azerbaijanis, the holy city, the Holy Castle, the Holy monument.”
Shusha was one of the main targets of the Armenians, who attacked to implement their territorial claims against Azerbaijan, which they had planned for many years during the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Armenians first occupied the city of Khankendi with the attacks they launched in 1991. Then on February 26, 1992, the town of Khojaly fell into the hands of the Armenian army. Armenian forces, who massacred 613 civilians, including women and children, in khojali and committed one of the biggest massacres of the century, invaded Shusha on May 8, 1992.
Hundreds of Azerbaijanis were killed in the defense of Shusha, many Azerbaijanis were captured or not heard from them.
The occupation caused a great loss to the Azerbaijani economy. Thousands of people were forced to leave their land. More than 300 historical monuments belonging to Azerbaijanis were destroyed. After the occupation, Armenians were placed in Shusha, where more than 20 thousand Azerbaijanis lived before the occupation.
Azerbaijanis, who have been the true owners of Shusha for centuries, have been forced to live in other parts of Azerbaijan for 28 years. May 8 was celebrated as a holiday in Armenia, while in Azerbaijan this date was remembered as a sad day for 28 years.
Located at an altitude of 1300 to 1600 meters above sea level, Shusha also stands out for its natural beauty.
Shusha, which was one of the most tourist-welcoming cities in the region during the Soviet period, also famous for its healing springs, resembles a natural Castle due to its rocky three sides.
Located in the southern part of the city, surrounded by forests and with numerous promenade areas, Cıdır Plain has hosted horse racing games, festivals and sports events of Azerbaijanis for many years.
Jabbar Garyagdioglu, the victim Pirimov, Nightingale, Shushinski Seyit Han susinks in Uzeyir hajibeyov, Reşit behbudov, Niyazi, Fikret Amirov Azerbaijan as the country famous musicians of Shusha, the hursudbanu natava, Kasim Bey Zakir, Suleyman Sani Akhundov, Abdurrahim Hakverdiyev, Najaf Bey Vezirov of famous writers and thinkers such as you grew up in the city.
Ahmet Ağaoğlu, a politician, jurist, writer and journalist who left a deep mark both in Azerbaijan and in Turkey, where he spent part of his life, was born in Shusha.
Because of all these characteristics, Shusha is far beyond just being a city for Azerbaijanis. Azerbaijanis who have been waiting for the day when Shusha will be liberated since September 27, when the Azerbaijani army began the operation, said President Ilham Aliyev: “Shusha has been freed from the occupation.” he took to the streets with his words.