Ankara, Turkey – Turkey’s position and stance in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea and the Islands Sea in regard to tension between Greece and Turkey is appropriate to international law, principles of justice and fairness.
Indeed, the boundaries of continental shelves and economic zones need not necessarily be determined by a midline approach as per the United Nations Convention on Law of Sea (UNCLOS) ,The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, also called the Law of the Sea Convention or the Law of the Sea treaty, is an international agreement that resulted from the third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea, which took place between 1973 and 1982.
In this context, justice and equality approach between the two countries is taken as a basis as per the International Court of Justice (ICJ) acts as a world court. The Court’s jurisdiction is twofold: it decides, in accordance with international law, disputes of a legal nature that are submitted to it by States (jurisdiction in contentious cases); and it gives advisory opinions on legal questions at the request of the organs of the United Nations, specialized agencies or one related organization authorized to make such a request (advisory jurisdiction).
Turkey’s position on the tension in the Eastern Mediterranean is right, and the agreement signed on the maritime boundary delimitation between Greece and Egypt, should be addressed in the context of Turkey’s legal rights. That deal is regarded as non – existent.
Without taking into account the legitimate rights of Turkey in the Mediterranean, the agreement between Greece and Egypt can not create a legal impact. However, the agreement between Greece and Egypt is “null and void, non-existent“.
Greece and other countries have tried to counter Turkey’s onshore and offshore energy exploration rights. However, Turkey declared to constantly opposed any effort that violates Turkey’s exclusive economic zone, saying that France and Greece illegally taking position in the region.
Greece, Turkey protested to the current energy research in the eastern Mediterranean, based on the small island Meis near the Turkish coast trying to do blocking the Turkish Sea territory and the greater Eastern Mediterranean interests.
Turkey, which has the longest coastline in the Mediterranean, has sent ships to search for energy drilling on the continental shelf, saying that Turkey and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) have legal rights in the region.
Meanwhile, after Germany’s diplomatic calls, Turkey stopped activities in the region, however, it resumed energy exploration earlier in August in the Eastern Mediterranean after Greece and Egypt signed a controversial maritime delimitation deal aiming to disregard Turkey’s rights in the Eastern Mediterranean .
Evidently, there are two states on the island of Cyprus. Turkey has also said energy resources near the island of Cyprus must be shared fairly between the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC), which has issued Turkish state oil company Turkish Petroleum a license, and the Greek Cypriot Administration of Southern Cyprus (GCA).