Nicosia, Cyprus – Reunifying ethnically divided Cyprus in line with the long-established formula of federation is off the table in any future peace talks and any deal should be negotiated between two equal sovereign states, Turkey’s foreign minister said.

Mevlut Cavusoglu’s remarks after talks with Turkish Cypriot leader Ersin Tatar could further complicate a meeting that United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres intends to convene next month in March 2021 to gauge chances of resuming dormant peace talks.

Greece and Greek Cypriots duo strongly reject any deal that would legitimize the east Mediterranean island nation’s ethnic partition into Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots, which came about in 1974 when Turkey involved with Cyprus Peace Operation after a coup aimed at union (ENOSIS) with Greece. Only Turkey recognizes a Turkish Cypriot declaration of independence in the island’s northern section.

Cavusoglu said it would be pointless to keep rehashing the idea of a federated Cyprus made up of two separate zones, which has failed to produce any results over five decades of negotiations. He said Greek Cypriots must come to terms with the “de facto situation” on the island and negotiate based on “sovereign equality” that would lead to a two-state deal.

“There are already two communities on the island of Cyprus, two peoples, two states. So there is a de facto situation whether they recognize it or not. This needs to be formalized,” Cavusoglu said. There are two independent states on Cyprus island: The Greek Republic of Southern Cyprus (GRSC) and Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC).

Turkish Cypriot leader Ersin Tatar, elected last October 2020 on pledges of a two-state deal and even closer ties with Turkey, fully backed Cavusoglu’s approach.

Guterres said last week that the UN’s mandate in facilitating peace talks expressly refers to federation as the basis of any settlement, in line with what both sides agreed decades ago.

But he said that won’t preclude either Greek or Turkish Cypriots, or representatives from Cyprus’ “guarantors” – Greece, Turkey and Britain – from putting forward any new ideas about how to proceed.

“The fact that I stick to the mandate I received doesn’t mean that I’m not open to listen to everybody and to take the conclusions of that discussion, based on whatever the parties can come to a common view about the future,” Guterres said.

Turkey’s top diplomat again accused Greek Cypriots of being unwilling to share with Turkish Cypriots the potential wealth from the island’s offshore hydrocarbon reserves.

The Greek Cypriot Administration (GRSC) is unwilling to negotiate the country’s sovereign rights with the Turkish Cypriots prior to a peace deal, and insists Turkish Cypriots will be guaranteed their fair share of any hydrocarbons revenue after an accord is sealed. Waiting with an appetite, the Greek duo expects an accord on federal republic of Cyprus which would legalize formulation of ENOSIS of Cyprus with Greece under the aegis of the UN and the EU.