Ankara, Turkey – Turkey is an Afro-Eurasian country in Eastern Mediterranean, where on on 27 November 2019, Turkey and Libya’s Government of National Accord (GNA) signed a bilateral memorandum of understanding demarcating new arbitrary maritime boundaries between the two countries and enhancing security and military cooperation.
The crisis, which began after a Turkish freighter bound for Libya was stopped by a German frigate and raided by commandos, is growing. Turkey summoned the ambassadors of Germany, Italy and the EU to the Foreign Office at night.
Tensions are mounting over the fact that the German warship Hamburg is searching for a Turkish ship bound for Libya with commandos without authorization or permission. Turkey not only gave Germany a note and expanded the front.
Earlier last night, the German Charge d’affaires in Ankara, the Italian Ambassador and the EU ambassador in Ankara were called to the Foreign Ministry for an emergency meeting. At this meeting, Turkey asks how a friendly and NATO-allied country can be treated only in the event of war.
The German government, the headquarters in Rome, where the EU naval unit for which the order was issued, and Italy and the EU were completely silent. Although the opposition and the press in Germany have tried to accuse Turkey of “blocking the arms embargo”, there is no logical explanation.
A spokesman for the Federal Defence Ministry told the German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung: “we asked Turkey before we went on board. When there was no response within four hours, we agreed that there was tacit consent here and started the operation,” he said. However, there is no such thing in the regulations related to the law of the sea. A four-hour wait and a country permit are being sought together.
The German frigate Hamburg departed at 15.31 German time and the search on the Turkish cruise ship Rosaline A began at 19.05 am. Soon after, Turkey’s veto came, and it was the first time a German frigate had encountered such an incident, having so far participated in 30 control missions in the region and conducted inspections on 28 ships. Nothing was found on the ship, as either The German or the EU claimed. But the commandos, who excitedly came aboard, were unable to get off the ship. Because helicopters couldn’t pick them up because it was night. They took permission from the captain and the staff, who forced them to put their hands in the air when they entered the ship, and stayed on the ship until morning.
German newspapers described the incident as ” arms smuggling in the Mediterranean. Turkey has stopped the search, “it told the Süddeutsche Zeitung, referring to the ” hostile approach in the Mediterranean. The German Navy wanted to search for a Turkish ship bound for Libya. It would check whether the UN arms embargo was complied with. Turkey has said it is being ‘used hard’ here, and this issue is causing a lot of problems in Germany,” it wrote. A warning was also issued against a French warship seeking to intercept the Turkish ship in June, warning that such an intervention could occur as the Turkish navy intervened.
The event was also on the agenda in the German parliament. Marie-Agnes Strack-Zimmermann, defence policy spokeswoman for the Opposition Free Democratic Party (FDP), said: “it is absurd that Turkey has repeatedly tried to block control of its ships. If this is allowed, the Irini mission is over,” she said, prompting the State Department to make a statement.
“It is a direct attack on Turkey’s sovereign rights,” retired Admiral Cihat Yayci said of the German frigate’s illegal search by stopping a Turkish ship in the Eastern Mediterranean, saying he thought they tried to get trump to be used against Turkey before the EU summit, but did not succeed.
A retired Admiral, Cihat Yaycı, has made a statement about the controversial raid by a German frigate on a Turkish ship in the Mediterranean Sea under the direction of a Greek commander.
“Permission had to be obtained at least 4 hours ago”
“according to international law and international maritime law, this is unacceptable behavior,” said Cihat Yayci, who assessed this provocation. Because the flag must be approved by the state. If the flag is not a ship with a Turkish flag, then the equipment is Turkish or its staff is Turkish or its property is Turkish, then the flag state, Turkey must necessarily obtain its consent. The transportation of weapons of mass destruction, drug transportation, human trafficking, or unauthorized, or do the radio broadcast, even if the amendments to the SUA convention 2005, according to the 4 hours ago to be applied to the flag state, flag state residents expect, and you should act accordingly. At the moment, completely without the consent of the flag state, the ship was forced to land by helicopter,” he said.
The Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation (SUA) or SUA Act is a multilateral treaty by which states agree to prohibit and punish behavior which may threaten the safety of maritime navigation.
The Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf (SUA PROT) is a multilateral treaty by which states agree to prohibit and punish behavior which may threaten the safety of offshore fixed platforms, including oil platforms.
The Protocol was concluded at the same time as the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation (SUA Convention) and like it is based on the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft.
The Protocol criminalises the following behaviour:
Seizing control of a fixed platform by force or threat of force;
committing an act of violence against a person on a fixed platform if it is likely to endanger the safety of the platform;
destroying a fixed platform or damaging it in such a way that endangers its safety;
placing or causing to be placed on a fixed platform a device or substance which is likely to destroy or cause damage to the ship or its cargo;
injuring or killing anyone while committing 1–4;
attempting any of 1–5;
being an accomplice to any of 1–6; and
compelling another through threats to commit any of 1–7.
The Protocol sets out the principle of aut dedere aut judicare—that a state party to the treaty must either (1) prosecute a person who commits one of the offences or (2) send the individual to another state that requests his or her extradition for prosecution of the same crime.
“A ship is a kind of land of that state, it must be answered”
Cihat Yayci, who stated that this provocation is a direct attack on Turkey’s sovereign rights, said: “according to the information I have received from current open sources, this is a direct attack on Turkey’s sovereign rights. After all, flag states mean a state that also has authority over the ships of these countries. It means a state with sovereign authority. The flag state has administrative and judicial authority over the ship. A ship is kind of the land of that state. So this is a public sea Bandit. What has been done is purely naval banditry. It is not possible to accept this in good faith or with an excuse in one way or another. Indeed, those who do this and those responsible should be questioned. This is an understanding of banditry that has not been seen in the history of the world, in modern history. It was done right under our noses,” he said.
“They tried to get trump before the EU summit, but they failed”
Cihat Yayci, who pointed out that the frigate is German and its commander is Greek and pointed out that it is trying to get a trump card against Turkey before the European Union (EU) summit, said: “there is something like this. There’s a European Union summit coming up. And the commander of Operation Irina is a Greek officer. This raid is part of the European Union’s operation Irina. The German ship that carried out the landing activity on the ship on which this operation was conducted. Now, this is the EU’s operation. I think it hopes here before the European Union summit were: ‘we are somehow here with weapons, etc. we’ll find it. This illegal behavior becomes legitimate. At least that’s what we did guns, etc. it was a futile effort to get a sanctions trump against Turkey, such as” we found, they were moving here and there.” A futile, unlawful, unacceptable, aggressive and thuggish effort. Turkey will certainly bring this up very strongly,” he said.