Baku, Azerbaijan – Helicopters and drones, not included in the text of the agreement, have been dispatched in Nagorno-Karabakh, where Russian peacekeepers are stationed, the BBC reported. Armenia has closed its airspace with Russia and Nagorno-Karabakh and declared a no-fly zone. The whereabouts of prime minister Pashinyan are unknown, while Harutyunyan and his chief of staff admitted behind the scenes of the defeat.
Armenia, which was defeated in the Nagorno-Karabakh War and signed the agreement on defeat, has not stopped the storm, and New Confessions of betrayal have also come in a Facebook post.
More than 10 thousand people attended the protest organized by 17 opposition parties in the capital Yerevan, and those who wanted the resignation of Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan filled the Freedom Square.
While the slogans ‘Pashinyan is a traitor’ and ‘Pashinyan should go’ went up, opponents gave the prime minister, whose whereabouts are unknown, a midnight deadline to give up his seat.
BBC correspondent Jonah Fisher reports that Armenians who could not digest the loss of Nagorno-Karabakh burst into tears during the protest.
In one of the photos taken by the International news agency Reuters, a woman attending a protest in Yerevan with her young child was seen crying.
The BBC reports that protesters in Yerevan want the deal that ended the 44-day war to be scrapped, but opposition parties have failed to reach a sufficient majority in Parliament for an extraordinary meeting.
Reuters reported that several dissidents who clashed with police were detained at times, including Gagik Tsarukyan, leader of the Prosperous Armenia Party, among those taken to the police station. Local media reported that as many as 100 detainees had been released by Wednesday evening.
However, the BBC reports that 10 dissidents have been arrested, including political party leaders. The charges against those arrested are organizing rallies and disclosing state secrets in case of war.
The American Associated Press (AP) news agency quotes the opposition as saying it is difficult to reach a majority to oust Pashinyan, who holds 88 of the 132 seats in parliament.
As Russian peacekeepers continue to arrive in the region, who will serve in the lines of conflict and the Lachin corridor, Armenian forces are also preparing to leave the occupied places.
The BBC reports that 16 peacekeepers who will serve at 1960 observation points have experience in Syria. The Russian military announced that soldiers would use aircraft, helicopters and unmanned aerial vehicles.
The Russian Defense Ministry says eight Mi-8 and Mi-24 helicopters have reached Yerevan. The text of the agreement, signed on 10 November, did not include helicopters and unmanned aerial vehicles.
Armenian Defense Ministry spokesman Shushan Stepanyan announced this morning that the airspace of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh along with Russia has been declared a no-fly zone.
Araik Harutyunyan, the leader of the occupying Nagorno-Karabakh administration, who is not recognized by the international community, also made statements on Facebook and asked for the return of civilians who fled during the war.
“We all betrayed our soldiers, we signed the agreement because thousands of soldiers were under siege,” Harutyunyan said. We could no longer protect hankendi,” he said.
“This was an urgent decision,” said Colonel General Onik Gasparyan, the chief of the Armenian General Staff, of the agreement signed at his suggestion. This is a very bitter fact for us but it is the result of an objective assessment of the situation,” he said.
Is there a danger of a new war in a region where weapons have been silenced by a ceasefire agreement? Some analysts say the 44-day war is over. Others, however, disagreed. One of them is former U.S. ambassador to Azerbaijan Richard Dale Kauzlarich.
Speaking to the BBC, The diplomat says the hatred in the region in recent years will not go away easily: “does this lead to an unconditional ceasefire? I doubt it. But I’m sure the war isn’t over yet.”
Unlike American diplomats, the thinktank Chatham House Laurence Broers, agreement in Azerbaijan the war ‘you’re done’ and ‘meets the main goals of the conflict’ believes that: “currently, Russian peacekeepers, and apparently preventing further bloodshed of Baku through Azerbaijan to meet most of the objectives of the Tripartite Agreement and the arrival of have to pay the price that it is.”
Sunday (September 27th) clashes in Nagorno-Karabakh began in the morning with Armenia violating the ceasefire. Nagorno-Karabakh is recognized as part of Azerbaijan by the United Nations (UN) and the international community. However, some areas in and around Nagorno-Karabakh, which accounts for about 20 percent of Azerbaijan’s territory, have been under Armenian occupation since the early 1990s. The region was declared a ‘Nagorno-Karabakh Republic’ in 1991. But no country, including Armenia, recognized this place internationally.
Nagorno-Karabakh (Upper Karabakh), which covers an area of 4,400 square kilometers in the South Caucasus, has been waiting for a solution for many years as the biggest problem between Azerbaijan and Armenia. The word origin of the’ Nagorno-Karabakh ‘ region consists of a mixture of several different languages. Even a few languages found in its name show how the region has been exposed to the transition between different cultures throughout history.
Nagorny (or Nagorno) in English is Karabakh. The word’ Nagorny ‘means’ mountainous ‘ (нагорный), in Russian. In Azerbaijani, just like in Turkish, it is referred to by the words ‘dağliq’ or ‘yuxarı’, which means ‘mountainous’. Karabakh, on the other hand, is a common word in Turkish and Persian, meaning ‘black garden’.
In a referendum held on December 10, 1991, which was boycotted by Azerbaijanis remaining in the region, Armenians voted to leave Azerbaijan. After the referendum, the independence of Nagorno-Karabakh was declared, but this initiative did not find a response in the international community. Tensions between the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh, supported by the Armenian army, and the Azerbaijanis living in the region increased with the declaration of independence. In 1992, the conflict turned into a hot war between the Armenian army and the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh and the Azerbaijani army.
At the end of the war, the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh took control of the entire region, as well as occupied seven neighboring regions (Rayons). Thus, the direct contact points of Nagorno-Karabakh and Azerbaijan were quite limited. The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict has been described in academic circles as a ‘frozen conflict’ for years. Despite the ongoing settlement negotiations at intervals, violations of the mutual ceasefire were repeated frequently, both on the Nagorno-Karabakh-Azerbaijan contact line and on the Azerbaijan-Armenia border.
Half a million refugees took refuge in Azerbaijan and Armenia, and about a million people were forced to relocate. Some towns and villages that existed before the beginning of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict were completely abandoned and destroyed. More than 14 percent of Azerbaijan’s territory is still under occupation.