Ankara, Turkey – Azerbaijan continues its progress in the Nagorno-Karabakh region under the occupation of Armenia from 4 branches. Azerbaijan Armed Forces, strategic hills in Agdere Madagiz and Armenia 193. He took over the headquarters of a Special Forces Battalion. Turkey is among Azerbaijan’s biggest supporters in the ongoing conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh. Close military co-operation between the two countries, the foundations of which date back 10 years, has recently evolved into intensive sales of military materials and weapons. Turkey plays a leading role in supporting Azerbaijan… Armenia, on the other hand, bombed the area where the Turkish journalists were located. The journalists, who came under fire while trying to get the footage, survived the attack by chance. Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan gave a public address. Pashinyan, who noted that he was very nervous, suddenly left the hall after shouting.
Azerbaijan continues its operations to liberate its occupied territories. As the battle in Karabakh enters its seventh day, Armenia is suffering heavy losses. Azerbaijan continued its progress in the Nagorno-Karabakh region from four branches, while Armenian Prime Minister Pashinyan made statements.
Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan addressed the Armenian people at 17: 30 local time. Pashinyan said they were facing an unprecedented attack.
Pashinyan, who claimed they had been resisting Azerbaijan for the past week, said the scale of the attacks was huge. Pashinyan, 21. he suggested that there were more violent conflicts in the century than any other conflict anywhere in the world. Pashinyan, who said he had many casualties, but his soldiers continued to fight, suggested that they had never been subjected to such a large-scale attack before. Pashinyan, whose agitated and frustrated state drew attention, suddenly left the hall where he was speaking, immediately after his words, which he completed by shouting and shouting.
According to the latest news, artillery shells fell near the location of Turkish journalists in the city of Terter to watch Armenia bomb attacks on Azerbaijani civilian settlements. Artillery shells fell near the site of AA, TRT and UAV teams trying to view the places hit in the city. The journalists, who came under fire while trying to get the footage, escaped the attack unscathed by chance.
On the other hand, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev explained the importance of increasing military cooperation with Turkey in a joint press conference with President Erdogan in February 2020:
“The power of turkey increases our power. Joining forces makes us even stronger. After that, we will be there for each other, we will be happy for each other’s achievements, God forbid, we will always be there for each other on heavy days.”So why are military cooperation agreements with Turkey important for Azerbaijan?
When Azerbaijan declared its independence on August 30, 1991, when the Soviet Union collapsed, Turkey became the first country to officially recognize the new state.
Exactly 18 years after diplomatic relations were established in January 1992 and the “development of cooperation” agreement was signed, an agreement was signed between the two countries that would greatly expand military cooperation. On 16 August 2010, the “Strategic Partnership and Mutual Assistance Agreement”signed between the two countries in Baku says that cooperation will be made if the territorial integrity of either country must be maintained.
A month after the agreement, on September 15, 2010, Turkish President Abdullah Gul and Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev decided to create a High-Level Strategic Cooperation Council (YDSK) between the two countries. And military cooperation between the two countries has been strengthened by new signatures, The Last of which was made at the ydsk meetings in February 2020.
Speaking after the meeting in Baku on February 25, 2020, Azerbaijani President Aliyev informed that the armies of the two countries conducted 13 joint military exercises during 2019 within the framework of military and security cooperation agreements. During the meeting, it was also decided that Azerbaijan would buy 200 million pounds of products and services from Turkish defense industry companies.
Meanwhile, between 2009 and 2019, Azerbaijan had spent about $ 20 billion in military spending. Although Turkey’s role in arms sales has increased in this process, Russia and Israel remain Azerbaijan’s main suppliers in the military field.
The biggest problem area in which Azerbaijan uses military force is the Nagorno-Karabakh region, which has been under Armenian occupation since 1994. There have been conflicts here for 26 years, where there have been occasional casualties; after a few days of clashes, the situation is returned to the post-1994 situation.
However, finally in April 2016 and 4 days of fighting, Azerbaijani forces entered some areas under Armenian occupation, albeit limited, for the first time using armed force. For the first time, international think tanks and security experts analyzed that Azerbaijan’s military capacity was improved.
The most important part of this was modern and heavy weapons and equipment that the country bought from Russia, Turkey and Israel in exchange for resources in rich natural gas and oil deposits. Azerbaijan renewed the army’s communications and satellite systems in the process. In this context, Aselsan (Military Electronics Industry), Turkey’s defense industry company, played a role in making some ammunition developed by Azerbaijan smart and in the development of drone savar.
Roketsan also reached an agreement for the sale of guided artillery rockets and long-range rocket systems to Azerbaijan in 2010.
The inventory of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces shows long-range rocket systems and Tiger missiles, which are planned to be delivered under this agreement. 20 Tiger ballistic missile launchers with a range of 120 kilometers were exported to Azerbaijan after entering the inventory of Turkey in 2017, Azerbaijani Press reported.
The Multi-Barrel Rocket Launcher TR-300 tornado and 122 mm artillery rocket were also exported to Azerbaijan after this agreement. An agreement was also signed to import the technical products necessary for Sakarya from Turkey and switch to joint production. In 2011, it was written in the Azerbaijani Press that Roketsan made a $ 244 million export agreement to Azerbaijan. For Cobra armored vehicles and armored personnel carriers, Otokar also exported $ 23 million to Azerbaijan.
These exports increased further from 2011 to 2016. During the ceremonies the anniversary of the founding of Azerbaijani army Aliyev, 26 June 2019, “since 2003, our military spending increased by 15 times” explanation, while Turkey imported from Turkey, or produced in conjunction with materials for the military, advanced weapons and rifles was. At the ceremony on June 26, 2018, the SOM B1, a new generation cruise missile produced by Roketsan that can be fired from land, sea and air, was also shown. Medium and long range anti-tank weapon systems were also purchased from Roketsan and integrated into the Azerbaijani army system.
In 2019, it was announced that Azerbaijan is also interested in Turkish-produced unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and armed unmanned aerial vehicles (SIHA). “Our defense industry is always at the disposal of Azerbaijan with all its experience, technology and capabilities, from our Siha to our ammunition and missiles, to our electronic warfare systems,” said Ismail Demir, head of the presidential defense industry after the clashes in the Tovuz region on the Azerbaijan-Armenia border in July this year.
There is no official statement that these drones and Siha were delivered. However, Turkey’s public broadcaster TRT World reported that Azerbaijan added Bayraktar TB2s to its fleet of UAVs a few months ago, and they shot down Armenia’s ground-guided missiles and tanks in the conflict that began on September 27 in Nagorno-Karabakh.
Training and joint exercises
Educational programs between Turkey and Azerbaijan have been ongoing since the 1990s, when Azerbaijan gained independence. NATO member Ankara is training the Azerbaijani army on international missions. For example, in 1999, the NATO task force also deployed soldiers from the Azerbaijani army in connection with the Turkish army units that went to Kosovo.
In 2002, 30 Azerbaijani soldiers served under the command of the Turkish army in Kabul as part of Turkish troops serving in Afghanistan under NATO. Mamed Beydüllayev, the Deputy Minister of Defense of Azerbaijan at the time, explained that the costs of these soldiers were covered by Turkey, and thus the Azerbaijani army “received training from Turkish commanders in accordance with NATO standards”.
Joint military exercises between the two countries date back to the early 2000s. Joint exercises between Turkey, Azerbaijan and Georgia based on the scenario of protecting the oil pipeline have been repeated every year since 2000. In November 2012, a joint exercise called “Caucasian Eagle” was held in Central Anatolia with the participation of three countries.
In 2013, wide-ranging exercises began, this time in Nakhchivan. July June 2017, the continuation of the air defense exercises conducted simultaneously in Baku and Nakhichevan from 12-28 July was carried out more widely. Air defense exercises called” Turaz Şahini ” have continued every year, in turn in Turkey and Azerbaijan, to date.
Following the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh in April 2016, both the number and scope of joint exercises between Turkey and Azerbaijan were expanded in 2017. By 2018, on 26 June, Turkish soldiers had also delivered a symbolic message on foot with Azeri soldiers.
July 29 August-August 10, following clashes in the Tovuz region, the scope of the joint exercise was wider than planned. In 5 cities of Azerbaijan, the Air Force participated in exercises as wide as it has not taken part so far, and Special Forces units also received Ground Tactical Training.
Technology transfer and co-production
According to the data of the World Arms Trade Analysis Center, Azerbaijan, which received 4 billion 353 million dollars in weapons and ammunition in 2010-2014, is the 18th most armed country in the world. it became a country. In Turkey’s exports of defense industrial products, Azerbaijan with sales of $ 77,195,000 5. he was ranked no.
As part of the agreement in 2010, Azerbaijan said that 105 mm cannons, modern infantry rifles and 120 mm mortars produced in Turkey, 122 mm. it was decided to take part in the project of co-construction of missiles, rockets and night vision devices. Joint modernization of military equipment produced in factories in Baku with Turkish companies also began after the 2010 agreement.
In 2013, cooperation between the two armies moved forward with war supplies. Turkey gave two mobile field hospitals to the Ministry of Defense of Azerbaijan, and TUBITAK undertook the design of uniforms to be used in the Azerbaijani army. By 2020, Azerbaijan’s Gross National Product had grown 2 – fold, while defense spending had increased 5-fold.
About a month and a half before the tensions in Nagorno-Karabakh, on August 13, National Defense Minister Hulusi Akar went to Azerbaijan and met with Aliyev. After the meeting, Aliyev said that technology transfer from Turkey, education and joint production of the two countries have increased significantly in recent years, and the Azerbaijani army has also benefited from this:
“It is no secret that Turkey has multifaceted military technical potential. We are also taking advantage of this potential. We are very pleased that Turkey is producing modern weapons today. We want to take advantage of these opportunities in the future. I am sure that Turkey will be our number 1 partner in the field of Military Technical Cooperation very soon.”
According to the latest news, intense clashes between Azerbaijan and Armenia that began in the Nagorno-Karabakh region, 6. he left the day behind. After Armenian forces opened fire on Azerbaijani civilian settlements on September 27, the Azerbaijani army, which launched a counterattack, continues the operation from 4 branches. As the fighting intensifies, especially in Terter, Fuzuli and Agdam, hot images continue to come from the region.
The latest footage, first broadcast on social media and then on Azerbaijani TV, shows the moment when the Azerbaijani army shot down a strategically important bridge used by the Armenian army to transport weapons and ammunition to Karabakh.
In the remarkable footage, the bridge used for the shipment was targeted by the Azerbaijani army and a violent explosion occurred.
At the time, a vehicle moving on the road continues on its way to the point where smoke rises. After a while, the car disappears into the smoke.