Yerevan, Armenia – Occupying Armenia, which was defeated in the Nagorno-Karabakh War, engaged in a dangerous game with an exercise in which Russian-made Alexander missiles were fired. The AP news agency posted photos of the camp in the jungle, where middle-aged female soldiers were also training.
As the first month of the Nagorno-Karabakh War, which the world is watching on its toes, photos taken by the American Associated Press (AP) news agency made a big sound to the world.
After the heavy defeat in the night hours, the Armenian army once again attacked the cities where civilians lived.
As the city of Terter was hit by artillery, four other civilians, one of them a child, were killed in the attacks in the last 24 hours. 10 people who were injured were transported to hospitals.
The Reuters news agency provided photos from the village of Karayusuflu, Berde, where Armenian missiles were dropped and cluster bombs were dropped.
As the screams of those who lost their lives in the village of Karayusuflu were reflected in the photos, it was not possible to console the suffering people. In the month that followed, 69 civilians were killed and hundreds of Azerbaijani citizens were injured in Armenian attacks.
Addressing the nation on Tuesday evening, Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan admitted that they had been wounded in occupied Nagorno-Karabakh and once again called on all Armenians to fight on the front lines.
On Monday Facebook account, Pashinyan said Armenia was ready to make major and even painful concessions in Nagorno-Karabakh.
In Armenia, where Nikol Pashinyan’s wife, Anna Hakopyan, announced that she would receive military training and go to the front, the rout in the war is reflected in the street.
The American Associated Press (AP) News Agency photographed a military training camp in Nagorno-Karabakh, where Armenia has consistently lost territory.
It appears that the camp in the forest provides training to those who want to volunteer to go to the front. Some of the volunteers are middle-aged women.
Among the details that stand out in the photos are tents set up among the trees and some volunteers training with sniper rifles.
The occupied Nagorno-Karabakh administration has announced that more than 1,000 of its soldiers have died in the war so far. But this number is stated to be in the thousands.
A photo of the vehicle in which Jalal Harutyunyan, the head of Nagorno-Karabakh’s armed forces, was shot down by armed drones was also released.
The Armenian side says Harutyunyan, whom it has appointed as its replacement, was injured in the attack, but local sources say he may have died.
The Armenian army engaged in a dangerous game by sharing images of the exercise in which Russian-made Iskander missiles were fired in order to correct demoralization.
Frustration prevails on the U.S. side that brokered the third ceasefire. President Donald Trump said, ” Azerbaijan and Armenia do not get along well. They’ve been dealing with this for too long. Yes it is disappointing to see the ceasefire broken,” he said.
The Kremlin said President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Russian leader Vladimir Putin had a phone call. According to the statement, Nagorno-Karabakh was one of the main topics of the meeting.
In the battle that began on September 27, the Azerbaijani army has so far liberated four cities and more than 170 villages from occupation. The proportion of land reclaimed is more than 15 percent.
The first humanitarian ceasefire agreements between Azerbaijan and Armenia in the war, which began on September 27, were brokered by Russia on October 10 and 17.
On Monday, Azerbaijani leader Heydar Aliyev said, ” Where Is this money coming from? We got our money. Everything is transparent. We buy it with our own money. So how does the debt-ridden country get these weapons? Who gives them all these guns? Why doesn’t anyone ask that? They always ask me,’ What are Turkish F-16s doing with you?’ I’m tired of answering. Everyone knows that the F-16s are waiting on the ground. They came for the exercise, and our Turkish brothers kept them here to give us spiritual support. If there is an outside attack against us, then they will see those F-16s,” he said.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, who personally announced the first ceasefire on October 10, said that Russian military units could be deployed to observe the ceasefire in Nagorno-Karabakh.
Azerbaijani leader Ilham Aliyev responded for the first time to Moscow’s offer. Aliyev said they are not against the deployment of peacekeepers to Nagorno-Karabakh, but will present their own terms. The Azerbaijani leader also noted that Armenians living in the occupied region can have cultural autonomy.
Sunday (September 27th) clashes in Nagorno-Karabakh began in the morning with Armenia violating the ceasefire. Nagorno-Karabakh is recognized as part of Azerbaijan by the United Nations (UN) and the international community. However, some areas in and around Nagorno-Karabakh, which accounts for about 20 percent of Azerbaijan’s territory, have been under Armenian occupation since the early 1990s. The region was declared a ‘Nagorno-Karabakh Republic’ in 1991. But no country, including Armenia, has recognized this place internationally.
Nagorno-Karabakh (Upper Karabakh), which covers an area of 4,400 square kilometers in the South Caucasus, has been waiting for a solution for many years as the biggest problem between Azerbaijan and Armenia. So, what is the history of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia, both countries of the former Soviet Union? The word origin of the’ Nagorno-Karabakh ‘ region consists of a mixture of several different languages. Even a few languages found in its name show how the region has been exposed to the transition between different cultures throughout history.
Nagorny (or Nagorno) in English is Karabakh. The word’ Nagorny ‘means’ mountainous ‘ (нагорный), in Russian. In Azerbaijani, just like in Turkish, it is referred to by the words ‘dağliq’ or ‘yuxarı’, which means ‘mountainous’. Karabakh, on the other hand, is a common word in Turkish and Persian, meaning ‘black garden’.
When Azerbaijan and Armenia joined the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1922, Nagorno-Karabakh developed into a structure that seemed accepted, but was not adopted by Armenians. In Nagorno-Karabakh, which was granted autonomous region status under the Republic of Azerbaijan in 1923, the status quo was maintained until the end of the 1980s, when the Soviet system came to a standstill, although ethnic Armenians living in the region raised their discomfort with the Azerbaijani administration from time to time.
Along with the process of openness (glasnost) and reconstruction (perestroika), which Mikhail Gorbachev, the last leader of the Soviet Union, initiated in 1985 to pave the way for a blocked system, Nagorno-Karabakh, like all the problem areas of the Caucasus, came to light. Evaluating the ever-weakening authority of the Soviet administration, the Autonomous Administration of Nagorno-Karabakh demanded annexation to the Republic of Armenia in 1988. While this demand was not reciprocated, after Azerbaijan and Armenia declared their independence in 1991, the secession attempts of the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh also intensified.
During this period, the Azerbaijani population in Karabakh had fallen by up to 20 percent due to forced migrations. In a referendum held on December 10, 1991, which was boycotted by Azerbaijanis remaining in the region, Armenians voted to leave Azerbaijan. After the referendum, the independence of Nagorno-Karabakh was declared, but this initiative did not find a response in the international community. Tensions between the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh, supported by the Armenian army, and the Azerbaijanis living in the region increased with the declaration of independence. In 1992, the conflict turned into a hot war between the Armenian army and the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh and the Azerbaijani army.
At the end of the war, the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh took control of the entire region, as well as occupied seven neighboring regions (Rayons). Thus, the direct contact points of Nagorno-Karabakh and Azerbaijan were quite limited. The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict has been described in academic circles as a ‘frozen conflict’ for years. Despite the ongoing settlement negotiations at intervals, violations of the mutual ceasefire are frequently repeated both on the Nagorno-Karabakh-Azerbaijan contact line and on the Azerbaijan-Armenia border. August 2014 saw the bloodiest clashes in 20 years. 13 Azerbaijani soldiers were killed in two days of fighting on the Nagorno-Karabakh border. The Armenian Defense Ministry also announced that 20 soldiers were killed.
Half a million refugees took refuge in Azerbaijan and Armenia, and about a million people were forced to relocate. Some towns and villages that existed before the beginning of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict were completely abandoned and destroyed. More than 14 percent of Azerbaijan’s territory is still under occupation. Azerbaijanis say that the region has historically been under their control and therefore belongs to them, while Armenians claim that Armenians have always lived in the region and that Azerbaijani rule is illegitimate.
Other states were reluctant to intervene because it was seen as a domestic issue. Since 1992, the conflict has become interstate due to the fact that it took place between Azerbaijan and Armenia. Defense spending in Azerbaijan has increased by about 50 percent every year since 2003. In 2012, defense spending accounted for a fifth of Azerbaijan’s total public spending. Armenia also expanded its arsenal with the help of Russia.
Although the exact numbers are not known, it is believed that the population of Lachin and Kelbajar with small settlements totaled about 14 thousand people. According to the co-chairs of the OSCE Minsk Group, there has been no significant increase in the population since 2005. Ethnic Armenians settled in the region have limited access to infrastructure, economic activities and public services. Many of them are also missing identity documents.
The weakest part of the problem is the contact line, which is 175 kilometers long. This line, filled with minefields, resembles the trenches of the first World War. 30 thousand soldiers have been deployed to the contact line by the Armenian side and slightly more than this number by Azerbaijan. The negotiations, conducted through the OSCE Minsk Group, have been difficult, as leaders are approaching a compromise, but are backing down out of concern that their country may not meet the demands of the public. Azerbaijanis and Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh cannot influence the process. Armenian and Azerbaijani public opinion has more influence on the process than the locals of the region.
The Minsk Group Co-Chairs have no spokespersons or media secretaries. For this reason, the talks have little media coverage. Russia, having previously taken a position close to Armenia, now prefers to stand at an equal distance from Azerbaijan and Armenia. This strategy strengthened after the war with Georgia in August 2008. The strategic priority has become the isolation of Georgia. The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is less important to the United States than the conflicts in the Middle East. The Armenian Lobby in Congress, the energy security of the Caspian Sea Basin, the ‘fight against terrorism’ and the ability to use Azerbaijani airspace on flights to Afghanistan are priority issues for the United States.