Baku, Azerbaijan – As the war continued, The Ministry of Defense of Azerbaijan said that the Azerbaijani army continued its activities in the main directions in accordance with the operational plan and further expanded the controlled areas. Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev spoke to the French daily Le Figaro and clarified the countries in which his country supplies weapons.
The Nagorno-Karabakh war continues where it left off, the earth trembles with rockets falling on the front line. The Azerbaijani army continues its operations to liberate its territory.
In a statement, the Ministry of defense of Azerbaijan said that operations continued throughout the night with varying intensity in the directions of Agdere, Khojavend, Fuzuli, Hadrut, Gubadli and Lachin.
Armenian forces opened fire with tanks, cannons and mortars, while the Azerbaijani army continued its activities in the main directions in accordance with the operational plan and further expanded the controlled areas.
In a statement, Khojavand, Lachin and Gubadly regions in weakening the resistance of the Armenian forces, Azerbaijan army new advances in different directions provided by the Armenian forces in the direction of agdere khojavand and large exhausted and out of ammunition casualties of an artillery battery which has been neutralized reported.
It was noted that the 1st Battalion of the 543rd Regiment of the Armenian army, brought to gubadli, retreated with the loss of manpower and military equipment, and most of the soldiers sent from the city of Tsaghkadzor in the Kotayk Province of Armenia to Nagorno-Karabakh were also neutralized.
In the statement, the Azerbaijani army destroyed 2 tanks, 2 Armored Vehicles, 4 D-30 howitzers, 1 2a36 Giasint-B cannon and 7 cars belonging to the Armenian forces in different directions of the front. It was stated that clashes continued throughout the entire front and that the situation was under the control of the Azerbaijani army.
Azerbaijan’s President Ilham Aliyev singled out the countries from which Baku supplied arms. Aliyev said that they bought the most weapons from Russia; he added that he bought weapons made by Turkey, Israel, Ukraine, Belarus and Iran.
Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev clarified to the countries where his country supplies weapons. Speaking to Le Figaro, Aliyev stressed that they had bought weapons from many countries.
“We buy weapons from many countries, but most of them are bought from Russia, not from Turkey and Israel,” Aliyev said, adding that Azerbaijan has bought weapons made by Ukraine, Belarus and Iran.
Aliyev also noted that Armenia received Russian weapons for free. Aliyev also said that if the Armenian side stopped firing, the Azerbaijani army would stop its military activities in Nagorno-Karabakh.
“We are ready to stop military activities today. I said this during the talks in Moscow on October 10. All it takes is for Armenia to stop the fire. After that, diplomats will step in,” he said.
The Azerbaijani leader also stressed that Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan destroyed the peace process with provocative statements and military provocations after taking over.
At midnight last night, violent clashes around Agdere, Khojavend, Fuzuli, Hadrut and Gubadli continued until the first light of the morning, and the Armenian army once again attacked the cities.
Local sources reported that Armenian forces fired back-to-back missiles at the cities of Goranboy, Neftalan, Terter and Berde today.
Photos of military helicopters flying over Terter Sky were served to the world.
The missile hit a house in kebirli village in Terter, killing 16-year-old Orhan Ismayilzade.
Artur Mayakov, a 13-year-old Russian citizen who was rescued alive from the rubble of a missile attack in Ganja on October 17, died today in the hospital where he was being treated.
Azerbaijani vice president Hikmet Hajiyev announced that the child victim, ‘handsome and full of love for life’, would be buried in accordance with Orthodox rules.
Azerbaijan’s Defense Ministry, which announced that a kamikaze drone was shot down in Armenia this morning, reported that heavy fighting took place around Lachin and Gubadli at noon.
Armenian Defense Minister David Tonoyan visited Lachin yesterday and posed for lenses. This visit is interpreted as the Yerevan administration will do everything to avoid losing Lachin.
With the advance of the Azerbaijani army, which has so far liberated more than 130 cities, towns and villages from occupation and maintained control over the Iranian border, the map in the region has also changed. Armenia, increasingly cornered, announced that 90 thousand people had left Nagorno-Karabakh, which it kept under occupation.
‘Despite the efforts of the United States, the war continues’ was passed from Khankendi, the capital of occupied Nagorno-Karabakh.
Two ceasefires declared by Russia since September 27 have also failed, the AP reports, with bombs exploding once again on the front line today.
At noon, the Azerbaijani army announced that an Armenian warplane had been shot down near Gubadli.
All eyes in Azerbaijan and Armenia were turned to the meeting in Washington yesterday. US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo met separately with Azerbaijani Foreign Minister Ceyhun Bayramov and Armenian Foreign Minister Zohrab Mnatsakanyan.
In a written statement, U.S. State Department spokesman Morgan Ortagus said Washington had asked the sides to shut up. Pompeo stated that he favored solving the problem on the basis of ‘territorial integrity and equal rights of peoples and determination of their own destiny, without the use or threat of force’.
US President Donald Trump, who is aiming to play Armenians in the US in the election, has made a statement that reflects his usual style and is not surprising.
“We work with Armenia, we have very good relations with them,” Trump said. Very good people. Incredible people. I think the negotiations are making good progress. We’ll see what happens. There are a large number of people of Armenian descent living in the United States. Great people. We’re going to help them,” he said.
Asked if he had met with the leaders of Azerbaijan and Armenia, the US President replied: “I do not want to talk.” Armenians living in Washington demonstrated with banners and flags in their hands.
Trump’s remarks were instantly reciprocated in Russia, with Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov saying they did not know what progress the US leader was talking about.
“I hope that our American partners will act in harmony with us at the point of reaching consensus,” Russian President Vladimir Putin said the day before the appointment in Washington.
Arayit Harutyunyan, the leader of occupied Nagorno-Karabakh, who is not known to anyone, pleaded with Russian President Vladimir Putin, this time a day after he posted photos of the frontline on his Facebook account. Harutyunyan, who wrote an open letter to Putin, asked him to do everything possible to stop military operations and restart the political process.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, who personally announced the first ceasefire on October 10, said that Russian military units could be deployed to observe the ceasefire in Nagorno-Karabakh.
Azerbaijani leader Ilham Aliyev responded for the first time to Moscow’s offer. Aliyev said they are not against the deployment of peacekeepers to Nagorno-Karabakh, but will present their own terms. The Azerbaijani leader also noted that Armenians living in the occupied region can have cultural autonomy.
Sunday (September 27th) clashes in Nagorno-Karabakh began in the morning with Armenia violating the ceasefire. Nagorno-Karabakh is recognized as part of Azerbaijan by the United Nations (UN) and the international community. However, some areas in and around Nagorno-Karabakh, which accounts for about 20 percent of Azerbaijan’s territory, have been under Armenian occupation since the early 1990s. The region was declared a ‘Nagorno-Karabakh Republic’ in 1991. But no country, including Armenia, has recognized this place internationally.
Nagorno-Karabakh (Upper Karabakh), which covers an area of 4,400 square kilometers in the South Caucasus, has been waiting for a solution for many years as the biggest problem between Azerbaijan and Armenia. So, what is the history of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia, both countries of the former Soviet Union? The word origin of the’ Nagorno-Karabakh ‘ region consists of a mixture of several different languages. Even a few languages found in its name show how the region has been exposed to the transition between different cultures throughout history.
Nagorny (or Nagorno) in English is Karabakh. The word’ Nagorny ‘means’ mountainous ‘ (нагорный), in Russian. In Azerbaijani, just like in Turkish, it is referred to by the words ‘dağliq’ or ‘yuxarı’, which means ‘mountainous’. Karabakh, on the other hand, is a common word in Turkish and Persian, meaning ‘black garden’.
When Azerbaijan and Armenia joined the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1922, Nagorno-Karabakh developed into a structure that seemed accepted, but was not adopted by Armenians. In Nagorno-Karabakh, which was granted autonomous region status under the Republic of Azerbaijan in 1923, the status quo was maintained until the end of the 1980s, when the Soviet system came to a standstill, although ethnic Armenians living in the region raised their discomfort with the Azerbaijani administration from time to time.
Along with the process of openness (glasnost) and reconstruction (perestroika), which Mikhail Gorbachev, the last leader of the Soviet Union, initiated in 1985 to pave the way for a blocked system, Nagorno-Karabakh, like all the problem areas of the Caucasus, came to light. Evaluating the ever-weakening authority of the Soviet administration, the Autonomous Administration of Nagorno-Karabakh demanded annexation to the Republic of Armenia in 1988. While this demand was not reciprocated, after Azerbaijan and Armenia declared their independence in 1991, the secession attempts of the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh also intensified.
During this period, the Azerbaijani population in Karabakh had fallen by up to 20 percent due to forced migrations. In a referendum held on December 10, 1991, which was boycotted by Azerbaijanis remaining in the region, Armenians voted to leave Azerbaijan. After the referendum, the independence of Nagorno-Karabakh was declared, but this initiative did not find a response in the international community. Tensions between the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh, supported by the Armenian army, and the Azerbaijanis living in the region increased with the declaration of independence. In 1992, the conflict turned into a hot war between the Armenian army and the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh and the Azerbaijani army.
At the end of the war, the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh took control of the entire region, as well as occupied seven neighboring regions (Rayons). Thus, the direct contact points of Nagorno-Karabakh and Azerbaijan were quite limited. The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict has been described in academic circles as a ‘frozen conflict’ for years. Despite the ongoing settlement negotiations at intervals, violations of the mutual ceasefire are frequently repeated both on the Nagorno-Karabakh-Azerbaijan contact line and on the Azerbaijan-Armenia border. August 2014 saw the bloodiest clashes in 20 years. 13 Azerbaijani soldiers were killed in two days of fighting on the Nagorno-Karabakh border. The Armenian Defense Ministry also announced that 20 soldiers were killed.
Half a million refugees took refuge in Azerbaijan and Armenia, and about a million people were forced to relocate. Some towns and villages that existed before the beginning of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict were completely abandoned and destroyed. More than 14 percent of Azerbaijan’s territory is still under occupation. Azerbaijanis say that the region has historically been under their control and therefore belongs to them, while Armenians claim that Armenians have always lived in the region and that Azerbaijani rule is illegitimate.
Other states were reluctant to intervene because it was seen as a domestic issue. Since 1992, the conflict has become interstate due to the fact that it took place between Azerbaijan and Armenia. Defense spending in Azerbaijan has increased by about 50 percent every year since 2003. In 2012, defense spending accounted for a fifth of Azerbaijan’s total public spending. Armenia also expanded its arsenal with the help of Russia.
Although the exact numbers are not known, it is believed that the population of Lachin and Kelbajar with small settlements totaled about 14 thousand people. According to the co-chairs of the OSCE Minsk Group, there has been no significant increase in the population since 2005. Ethnic Armenians settled in the region have limited access to infrastructure, economic activities and public services. Many of them are also missing identity documents.
The weakest part of the problem is the contact line, which is 175 kilometers long. This line, filled with minefields, resembles the trenches of the first World War. 30 thousand soldiers have been deployed to the contact line by the Armenian side and slightly more than this number by Azerbaijan. The negotiations, conducted through the OSCE Minsk Group, have been difficult, as leaders are approaching a compromise, but are backing down out of concern that their country may not meet the demands of the public. Azerbaijanis and Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh cannot influence the process. Armenian and Azerbaijani public opinion has more influence on the process than the locals of the region.
The Minsk Group Co-Chairs have no spokespersons or media secretaries. For this reason, the talks have little media coverage. Russia, having previously taken a position close to Armenia, now prefers to stand at an equal distance from Azerbaijan and Armenia. This strategy strengthened after the war with Georgia in August 2008. The strategic priority has become the isolation of Georgia. The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is less important to the United States than the conflicts in the Middle East. The Armenian Lobby in Congress, the energy security of the Caspian Sea Basin, the ‘fight against terrorism’ and the ability to use Azerbaijani airspace on flights to Afghanistan are priority issues for the United States.