Ganja – Azerbaijan – According to the latest news, a ceasefire has been reached in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia, but the Armenian side is violating the ceasefire in a row. During the night, the Armenian army launched a missile attack on Ganja. The death toll in the attack has risen to 7, with several people injured. Efforts to rescue civilians under the rubble are under way.
Armenia continues to violate the ceasefire. The Armenian army, once again violating its ceasefire with Azerbaijan, launched a missile attack on Ganja during the night.
According to initial estimates, 7 civilians were killed and 28 injured in the attacks. But the new statement said the death toll had risen to 7. The first images from the scene showed the devastation.
According to initial information, debris work is continuing in civilian settlements that were the target of missile attacks. There is concern that the number of injured and Dead will rise.
Journalist Farid Shahbazli claimed there could have been many more injured at the scene, saying: ‘they attacked people at the hour they were sleeping.’
”I have two sons, both of whom are fighting on the front lines, ” said Rev. Halilov, who lost his wife in the attack. One in Murov and the other in Gedebey. At night, as the missile came, it threw me out of the mirror. I survived for him. It was two o’clock in the night, and the intensity of the explosion threw me out the window.
My brother-in-law was seriously injured, and my wife died under the rubble. They barely pulled my wife out of the wreckage. Shrapnel had hit him on the head,” he said.
”Some of our neighbors lost their lives, ” Halilov said, noting that only civilians lived in the area. Some are still under the rubble. Rescue efforts are ongoing, ” he said.
The Azerbaijani army prevented attacks by the Armenian army during the night despite the ceasefire.
In a statement, the Azerbaijani Defense Ministry said that Armenian forces attacked in small groups in the direction of Hadrut and Gabriel at night to reoccupy the positions they had lost.
In a statement, prevents the attacks of the Azerbaijani army, the Armenian army 5 T-72 tank, 6 D-20 and D-30 howitzer cannon, ammunition carrying truck 5, car 11, 3 Grad missile systems, 5 Gvozdika self-propelled bombs, a radar station was destroyed and it was stated that the air defense system 8.
Armenian forces were reported to be in a panic, and soldiers from the 1st, 5th and 9th motorized infantry regiments escaped.
In a statement via the Ministry’s Twitter account, Armenia said 7 people were killed and 33 wounded in a missile attack on Azerbaijan’s second largest city. Children were among the injured, the statement said.
Near the end of the thirteenth day of the Nagorno-Karabakh War, the expected statement came from Moscow, the Russian capital, where the world turned its eyes.
Azerbaijani Foreign Minister Ceyhun Bayramov and Armenian Foreign Minister Zohrab Mnatsakanyan were present at the meeting, which lasted almost 10 hours, hosted by Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov.
As the waiting of journalists in the Hall continued, the Azerbaijani and Armenian flags on the podium were removed, only the Russian flag remained.
Russian Minister Sergey Lavrov stood alone in front of the cameras at 03: 00 midnight on Saturday and announced the ceasefire decision to the world live.
The ceasefire agreed by Azerbaijan and Armenia began on Saturday at 12: 00 local time (11: 00 TSI).
It was announced that the Baku and Yerevan administrations would begin peace talks, while the format of the negotiation process has not changed.
A statement from France, which is part of the Minsk triad group, said the full implementation of the ceasefire would be the first step for the future.
Armenia carried out its first ceasefire violation after 11: 00 the previous day.
Azerbaijan’s Defense Ministry shared images of Armenian forces being shelled in violation of the ceasefire.
“If Armenia does not take serious steps, operations can begin again. The ceasefire will be maintained by the International Committee of the Red Cross. There have been violent clashes on the front lines, it is difficult to predict how long the funerals will take,” he said.
“Armenia has not complied with the temporary ceasefire, which clearly shows that they are conducting hypocritical politics,” Azerbaijani vice president Hikmet Hajiyev said. After a while, Hajiyev shared photos showing that Armenia continued to launch missiles into Azerbaijani territory despite the ceasefire.
The missile, which was launched into the Goranboy area and did not explode, carried multiple headers and its contents were cluster bombs.
The missile, which was fired directly at a village in Fuzuli, exploded, but by chance fell into the field. Authorities said no one was injured.
Armenian troops attacked Hadrut with rockets, while the Azerbaijani Defense Ministry announced that cities such as Goranboy, Terter, Aghdam and Fuzuli were also targeted.
An image posted on social media accounts belonging to Armenia showed how Azerbaijani cities were hit.
It targeted towns almost 100 kilometres from the front line, killing dozens of civilians.
The resulting footage shows the Armenian military launching a missile to hit civilians, with soldiers screaming for joy.
The Last Address of the Armenians, who had previously demonstrated in many countries from Poland to Chile, Greece to Argentina, Belgium to Southern Cyprus, was Washington, the capital of the United States.
A small group gathered in front of the Congress building with flags and carried banners such as ‘defend Armenia’.
Sunday (September 27th) clashes in Nagorno-Karabakh began in the morning with Armenia violating the ceasefire. Nagorno-Karabakh is recognized as part of Azerbaijan by the United Nations (UN) and the international community. However, some areas in and around Nagorno-Karabakh, which accounts for about 20 percent of Azerbaijan’s territory, have been under Armenian occupation since the early 1990s.
The region was declared a ‘Nagorno-Karabakh Republic’ in 1991. But no country, including Armenia, has recognized this place internationally.
Nagorno-Karabakh (Upper Karabakh), which covers an area of 4,400 square kilometers in the South Caucasus, has been waiting for a solution for many years as the biggest problem between Azerbaijan and Armenia.
So, what is the history of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia, both countries of the former Soviet Union? The word origin of the’ Nagorno-Karabakh ‘ region consists of a mixture of several different languages. Even a few languages found in its name show how the region has been exposed to the transition between different cultures throughout history.
Nagorny (or Nagorno) in English is Karabakh. The word’ Nagorny ‘means’ mountainous ‘ (нагорный), in Russian. In Azerbaijani, just like in Turkish, it is referred to by the words ‘dağliq’ or ‘yuxarı’, which means ‘mountainous’. Karabakh, on the other hand, is a common word in Turkish and Persian, meaning ‘black garden’.
When Azerbaijan and Armenia joined the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1922, Nagorno-Karabakh developed into a structure that seemed accepted, but was not adopted by Armenians. In Nagorno-Karabakh, which was granted autonomous region status under the Republic of Azerbaijan in 1923, the status quo was maintained until the end of the 1980s, when the Soviet system came to a standstill, although ethnic Armenians living in the region raised their discomfort with the Azerbaijani administration from time to time.
Along with the process of openness (glasnost) and reconstruction (perestroika), which Mikhail Gorbachev, the last leader of the Soviet Union, initiated in 1985 to pave the way for a blocked system, Nagorno-Karabakh, like all the problem areas of the Caucasus, came to light. Evaluating the ever-weakening authority of the Soviet administration, the Autonomous Administration of Nagorno-Karabakh demanded annexation to the Republic of Armenia in 1988. While this demand was not reciprocated, after Azerbaijan and Armenia declared their independence in 1991, the secession attempts of the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh also intensified.
During this period, the Azerbaijani population in Karabakh had fallen by up to 20 percent due to forced migrations. In a referendum held on December 10, 1991, which was boycotted by Azerbaijanis remaining in the region, Armenians voted to leave Azerbaijan. After the referendum, the independence of Nagorno-Karabakh was declared, but this initiative did not find a response in the international community. Tensions between the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh, supported by the Armenian army, and the Azerbaijanis living in the region increased with the declaration of independence. In 1992, the conflict turned into a hot war between the Armenian army and the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh and the Azerbaijani army.
At the end of the war, the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh took control of the entire region, as well as occupied seven neighboring regions (Rayons). Thus, the direct contact points of Nagorno-Karabakh and Azerbaijan were quite limited. The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict has been described in academic circles as a ‘frozen conflict’ for years. Despite the ongoing settlement negotiations at intervals, violations of the mutual ceasefire are frequently repeated both on the Nagorno-Karabakh-Azerbaijan contact line and on the Azerbaijan-Armenia border. August 2014 saw the bloodiest clashes in 20 years. Two days of fighting on the Nagorno-Karabakh border left 13 Azerbaijani soldiers dead. The Armenian Defense Ministry also announced that 20 soldiers were killed.
Half a million refugees took refuge in Azerbaijan and Armenia, and about a million people were forced to relocate. Some towns and villages that existed before the beginning of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict were completely abandoned and destroyed. More than 14 percent of Azerbaijan’s territory is still under occupation. Azerbaijanis claim that the region has historically been under their control and therefore belongs to them, while Armenians claim that Armenians have always lived in the region and that Azerbaijani rule is illegitimate.
Other states were reluctant to intervene because it was seen as a domestic issue. Since 1992, the conflict has become interstate due to the fact that it took place between Azerbaijan and Armenia. Defense spending in Azerbaijan has increased by about 50 percent every year since 2003. In 2012, defense spending accounted for a fifth of Azerbaijan’s total public spending. Armenia also expanded its arsenal with the help of Russia.
Although the exact numbers are not known, it is believed that the population of Lachin and Kelbajar with small settlements totaled about 14 thousand people. According to the co-chairs of the OSCE Minsk Group, there has been no significant increase in the population since 2005. Ethnic Armenians settled in the region have limited access to infrastructure, economic activities and public services. Many of them are also missing identity documents.
The weakest part of the problem is the contact line, which is 175 kilometers long. This line, filled with minefields, resembles the trenches of the first World War. 30 thousand soldiers have been deployed to the contact line by the Armenian side and slightly more than this number by Azerbaijan. The negotiations, conducted through the OSCE Minsk Group, have been difficult, as leaders are approaching a compromise, but are backing down out of concern that their country may not meet the demands of the public.
Azerbaijanis and Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh cannot influence the process. Armenian and Azerbaijani public opinion has more influence on the process than the locals of the region. The Minsk Group Co-Chairs have no spokespersons or media secretaries. For this reason, the talks have little media coverage.
Russia, having previously taken a position close to Armenia, now prefers to stand at an equal distance from Azerbaijan and Armenia. This strategy strengthened after the war with Georgia in August 2008. The strategic priority has become the isolation of Georgia. The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is less important to the United States than the conflicts in the Middle East. The Armenian Lobby in Congress, the energy security of the Caspian Sea Basin, the ‘fight against terrorism’ and the ability to use Azerbaijani airspace on flights to Afghanistan are priority issues for the United States.
Azerbaijan’s expectation of a possible agreement is the return of the occupied territories. Armenia’s expectation of a possible agreement is to guarantee security for the Armenians of Karabakh and hold an independence vote. A worrying aspect of the agreement for Azerbaijan is that the option of ‘independence’ will be put to a referendum. A concern for Armenia is that the Lachin Corridor, which connects Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh, cannot be protected, and international security guarantees reduce their influence in the region.