Ankara, Turkey – Ahead of the EU leaders ‘ summit on 24-25 September, where tensions in the Eastern Mediterranean will also be discussed, Greece continues its attempts to raise the tension. In Greece, which has not given up its aggressive attitude, both President Katerina Sakelaropulu, who has held contacts in southern Cyprus, and the Greek media continue their attempts to provoke Turkey. After the US declared that the map of Seville, which is the basis for Greece’s claims to the continental shelf in the Aegean Sea, has ‘no legal significance’, the indigestion Greek media has added another to its scandals.
Ahead of the EU leaders ‘ summit on September 24-25, where tensions in the Eastern Mediterranean will also be discussed, Greece continues its attempts to raise the tension with every step.
Former Navy officer Nikolas Katsimbras, who teaches in the Conflict Resolution Program at Columbia University in New York, wrote an article for the Greek media titled “Erdogan’s ten gifts to Greece.”
“The largest mobilization in the modern history of the Greek Navy declared that” suggesting Katsimbras Nikolas, penned article for Kathimerini, Greece at the end of this crisis, numerous operational, social and diplomatic benefits provided claimed.
Katsimbras said that the Greek Navy has gained extensive experience and knowledge for the next decade through its exercises and work over the past two months.
“It is extremely important that the Navy has the priority to analyze all new data and be able to draw conclusions for future conflicts with the Turkish threat.”he used his statements and continued the post:
“In fact, the crisis was a rehearsal, so we should thank Erdogan for exposing the weaknesses of the naval forces more than ever.”
“The performance of our crew, the sense of duty in the face of a real Turkish threat, and at the same time the exposure of the weaknesses of the Turkish Fleet, raised the morale of the Greek Navy and the Armed Forces in general,” Katsimbras said.
“The final determining factor in developments in the field is human resources,” said Katsimbras, who stressed that this is very important. Katsimbras also suggested that “Greece is undoubtedly superior” in this area.
The arrogant Katsimbras argued that the Greek Navy had universal superiority, especially in anti-submarine warfare, and claimed that this “certainly had a very negative impact” on the morale of the Turkish Navy.
“This summer, it was extremely important for the families of the leaders of the Armed Forces,” says Nikolas Katsimbras, “the family factor is very important to the performance of our staff and our fleet is on the field as long as they gave us their war to the families of the crew and it is important to remember that we should be grateful for that.” said.
“The experience of this summer has been difficult for these families, but it has also prepared them for what may happen in the future.”Nikolas Katsimbras added new ones to his provocative statements.
“This crisis was also very important for our society, as it reminded us of the real, existential threat we face from the East,” Nikolas continued in his provocative post.”
“This may have been forgotten for years, as we almost passively accepted the continuation of the tension in the Aegean by the Turkish army. Regardless of party identity, society’s support for the Armed Forces and the current political leadership is a national value.”
Their leaders are aggressive, provocative and provocative without looking at the description, The President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s “aggressive” does not know himself accused of being this katsimbras chronic logistical problems to get hold of the Greek government eventually provided the necessary political capital to take difficult but necessary decisions suggested that the armament.
Greece’s President, Katerina Sakelaropulu, who held talks in southern Cyprus and whose son escalated tensions in the Mediterranean, accused Turkey of ‘taking illegal action’ because of its work in the Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean. Sakelaropulu said his visit was ‘extremely critical due to Turkish provocation’.
Amid escalating tensions in the Eastern Mediterranean, Greece’s President Sakellaropulu made his first foreign visit to Southern Cyprus since taking office in March.
Greek President also met with Greek Archbishop II Chrysostomos. Sakelaropulu, who made a statement about the meeting, suggested that Northern Cyprus is ‘under occupation’ (so-called).
“Chrysostomos gave information about the work done in the name of the recovery of Greek and orthodox heritage in the occupied territories. The role of the church in preserving the identity of Greek Hellenism is very important,” he said.
The US Embassy in Ankara issued a statement on the Seville map, which is the subject of tensions between Turkey and Greece in the Eastern Mediterranean.
The map of Seville is one of the academic studies that form the basis for Greece’s claims to the continental shelf in the Aegean Sea. In a statement, the US said the Seville map ‘has no legal significance’:
“As for the ‘legal status’ of the map of Seville, the United States does not consider the map of Seville to be of legal importance. We see that the European Union does not consider the Seville map to be a legally binding document.”
At the same time, the US statement stressed that maritime jurisdiction should be decided by an agreement reached between the relevant states in accordance with international law; Turkey and Greece were encouraged to resume exploratory negotiations as soon as possible.
The map of Seville is a study that is the basis for Greece’s claims about its jurisdiction in the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. In the early 2000s, academics Juan Luis Suárez de Vivero and Juan Carlos Rodríguez Mateos from the University of Seville prepared for the settlement of the EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone) dispute in the Eastern Mediterranean between Turkey, Greece and Cyprus at the request of the European Union.
That’s why the map of Seville is called. This map charts Greece’s continental shelf relative to the borders of the Greek islands, no matter how close they are to Turkey. Thus, according to the map, the Greek continental shelf, starting from the island of Meis, descends southwards to the middle of the Mediterranean Sea and does not give Turkey an opportunity to exit outside the Gulf of Antalya. Turkey, on the other hand, this map unfairly violates the rights of Turkey.
According to Turkey’s Foreign Ministry, neither Turkey nor Greece currently have a restricted maritime jurisdiction beyond their territorial waters within 6 nautical miles of the Aegean.
“The creation of a 40,000 square kilometer wide continental shelf area of an island with an area of 10 square kilometers, 2 km from Anatolia and 580 km from the Greek mainland is not a rational and international law thesis. We therefore reject these claims by Greece.”yes,” he said.
Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said: “this tension will not end unless Greece gives up the Seville map and Turkey respects the continental shelf.”description found.
National Defense Minister Hulusi Akar said,” the map of Seville has no validity, it does not recognize the right, the law, it does not contribute to peace and stability here, such as creating a problem should be seen.”
According to a 2010 study by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the Levant Basin section of the Eastern Mediterranean has an estimated 1.7 billion barrels of recoverable oil and 122 trillion cubic feet of gas.”
Turkey’s announcement in the Official Gazette at the end of May of its applications for new licenses in the Mediterranean and the maps shared on the Foreign Ministry’s Twitter account sent Greece into a panic. Seeking international support, the Athens administration conducted exercises with its allies off Crete and Rhodes.
Earlier this week, the Turkish Foreign Ministry shared a map showing the area where the Oruç Reis seismic research ship is operating within the maritime borders of the Eastern Mediterranean, which Ankara reported to the United Nations (UN).
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs Bilateral Political Affairs Twitter account, which includes map and Marine-Aviation-Deck director general Cagatay Erciyes, Ambassador, “580 kilometers to the mainland of Greece, Kastellorizo (Meis) to the Greek island of Greece named due 10 square kilometers, 40 thousand square kilometers of marine jurisdiction, claiming that the head of Fasting in the eastern Mediterranean and Turkey to shut down to stop working,” he said.
“Our military presence in the region does not have the goal of causing any escalation and is fully intended to exercise the right to legitimate defense if necessary,” the official statement of the Turkish Foreign Ministry said, noting that Greece has put aside the chances of dialogue with its own hands. Military intervention on our civilian ship will not be allowed by nature, ” he said.
Thursday (August 6th), Greece signed an agreement with Egypt setting out its maritime jurisdiction, causing the resumption of talks between Turkey and Greece. The agreement aims to create a vertical corridor with Egypt’s continental shelf, provided that the continental shelf of Crete and Rhodes Islands is partially used.
According to BBC Turkish, The agreement, which Ankara describes as a ‘pirate’, must be approved in the parliaments of the two countries and the relevant coordinates must be submitted to the United Nations in order to become official.
Following the agreement, Turkey announced in a Navtex statement on Monday that the Oruç Reis research vessel will be opened to the Mediterranean for seismic studies. As part of the Navtex, which will be valid from August 10-23, two Turkish Armed Forces warships are also escorting Oruç Reis. Greece also declared Navtex for the same region on the same day, noting that Turkey’s announcement was illegal.
Germany’s expected mediation attempt ended before it even started, with Greece making a deal with Egypt and Turkey sending its ships back to the disputed region. The fact that both sides are increasing their military presence at sea and in the air also risks escalating tensions in the region to a heated conflict.
Decades of disputes over the continental shelf, territorial waters, status of islands and airspace lines originating in the Aegean Sea have spread to the Mediterranean Sea, especially in the last year, causing a much tougher process on the Turkey-Greece line.
On 27 November 2019, Turkey signed an agreement with Libya to delimit its maritime jurisdiction, declaring that Greece considers the area south of Crete, Karpathos and Rhodes islands to be part of its continental shelf and registered this agreement with the UN. Greece, which argued that the agreement had no validity under international law, declared that according to the International Convention on the law of the Sea of 1982, the islands had continental shelf rights, and that the map laid out by Turkey violated Greece’s sovereign rights.
The European Union (EU) also supported Greece’s statements and demanded that Turkey stop its hydrocarbon work, which it described as ‘illegal’. Despite this political tension, channels of dialogue between Turkey and the newly formed Greek government have been kept open since the second half of 2019. But Greece’s attempt to use the recently strained relations between France and Turkey to its advantage and to corner them on international platforms, especially the EU, drew Turkey’s reaction.
Turkey has hardened its position by reacting to Greece’s continued hydrocarbon activities with the Greek Cypriot side and other coastal countries in the Mediterranean, Egypt and Israel, while ignoring the interests of Turkey and the Turkish Cypriots.
Turkey issued its first Navtex on July 21, a week after a meeting of the EU Foreign Relations Council convened at the initiative of France, and announced that the Oruç Reis research ship would conduct seismic surveys in the area remaining within the borders of the continental shelf that Turkey reported to the UN and the license areas granted to TPAO in 2012.
Greece, on the other hand, reacted harshly, explaining that the areas where Turkey will conduct research are within its continental shelf. Greece, which said it would not back down on protecting its sovereign rights, went on alert and sent warships to the region, after which the Turkish navy increased the security provided to Oruç Reis, which led to the danger of hot conflict.
Tensions between the two sides subsided after German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who serves as the rotating EU President, spoke by phone with Erdogan and Micotakis on July 22nd. But a day after the announcement of a new dialogue process between Ankara and Athens, a maritime authority limitation agreement between Greece and Egypt was signed. Immediately after the agreement was announced on 6 August, the Turkish Foreign Ministry said that the Greece-Egypt agreement was ‘destroyed’ because the two countries had no maritime border.
After the political reaction to the Greece-Egypt agreement, Turkey’s first concrete reaction was given by Navtex, published in the morning of August 10. The announcement noted the coordinates of the areas where the ships Ataman and Cengizhan, that will accompany it with the ship Oruç Reis, will work until August 23. Just hours after Turkey’s Navtex, Greece also issued a maritime announcement and argued that the areas declared by Turkey are within the Greek continental shelf, so Turkey’s Navtex is illegal.