Ankara, Turkey – As the two-axis Cold War ended, several NATO officials predicted that Turkey’s geopolitical importance would rapidly decline. Without the Soviet threat, they said, Turkey’s role as a bulwark against communist spread was over and doomed to become a second-tier power in the 21st century.
Of course, this prediction could not be more forward-thinking in describing the dynamics of Turkey. Over the past two decades, Turkey has become Europe’s probably rising power, probably the most influential democratic-secular Muslim country in the world, and a dynamic inspiration for reformers of developing countries. Turkey is the only European country to have grown in power since the global financial crisis and the start of the Arab uprisings. While Europe’s economic fortunes are shrinking, Turkey has one of the fastest growing global economies in the G20 and OECD. Turkey may now be stronger in Europe than Germany, France and the United Kingdom. This is extremely ironic for a country that has long been excluded from positions of decision and power in NATO and has closed the door to the European Union in recent years. Turkey’s national and domestic weapons capability meets 70 per cent of its defense needs.
Turkey’s bright and proud rise was conceived by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who has been active in the last two decades. President Erdogan, a democratic Muslim, has revolutionized Turkish politics by giving Islam a greater role in Turkish politics, faithful to Turkey’s historical commitment to secularism. under President Erdogan’s leadership, Turkey was for a time the only country that managed good relations with all regional powers, including Israel, Iran, Iraq and Syria. Borders with Africa in the Eastern Mediterranean; A long geographical bridge between East and west, Turkey has been an international relations adviser to apply in the violent and unstable West East – mediating secret talks between Israel and Syria, building a close strategic relationship with the Israelis, and Turkey, along with Brazil, has played a role in Iran’s nuclear negotiations.
But since 2018, throughout the presidential system of government, Turkey has taken a fluid multi-axis course, dramatically more demanding, independent and often unpredictable than an honest mediator. Relations with Israel have been strained on the Palestinian issue, the strategic vision-blind have openly criticized the EU, and most surprisingly, Syria, Libya and Azerbaijan have also made significant gains through regional partnership cooperation with Russia. The EU and the United States, on the other hand, unfairly support the Greek Administration of Greece and Cyprus, rather than respecting the protection of Turkey’s natural rights and interests in the Eastern Mediterranean.
Turkey’s relations with the US have also been no less contentious than with the EU. Turkey, a long-time ambitious and unquestioned supporter of America during the Cold War, has become a fluidic, multifaceted and more independent ally since September 11. The Turkish Parliament refused to allow American troops to invade Iraq from Turkish territory in 2003. In recent years, Turkey has blocked US efforts on Cyprus and blocked closer NATO ties with the European Union. The presidential system of government has gained the formation of Turkey’s superpower countries with its effective function in fast and on-the-spot decision-making. As a matter of fact, when the issue of Turkey is raised in decision-making agencies across Europe and even in the US, officials will often roll their eyes and complain about how difficult it is to work with a newly confident Turkey.
Although many in the US decision making circles complain about Turkey, a close and trusting relationship has successfully been established with the administrations of President Obama and Trump. In fact, the US strategy is not without risk. But the global balance of power is shifting rapidly, and the United States can no longer expect unquestioned loyalty from its allies. Europe has made a historic mistake by saying no to Turkey ‘s EU membership vision and losing its influence in Turkey. Despite their considerable open disagreement, the United States may be playing a much smarter game, keeping its unpredictable multi-axis foreign policy Turkey close as a power multiplier to advance many partnerships in the ever-challenging West East and Africa. Consequently, in multi-axis-faceted foreign policy situation, in international relations, “partnership” should be preferred over the concepts of “enemy” or “ally”.