Berlin, Germany – The repercussions caused by Turkish-produced armed drones (UCAVs), which fundamentally changed the course of the Nagorno-Karabakh War and brought victory to Azerbaijan in 44 days, are growing around the world. This time, the Bayraktar TB2 UCAVs, which brought voices from the United States to Ukraine in many countries, shook Germany.
“The first UCAV war in history took place in Nagorno-Karabakh. The UCAV changed the course of the war with bombardments. The consequences were too heavy for the losing side,” he said, adding that the army’s failure to meet UCAV’s demand led to a major crisis.
According to The Voice of America, the UCAVs that brought Armenia to its knees and led to its withdrawal from the territory it had occupied for nearly 30 years became the number one agenda in politics, the army and the media in Germany.
In media comments, the Nagorno-Karabakh War was almost described as’ the first war won only by the UCAVs’, and conventional weapons will no longer have a role against the UCAVs.
In the analysis, it is highlighted that there has been a serious paradigm change with the contribution of UCAV in classic war scenarios with combat tanks, cannons and air attack systems, mainly ground forces.
In the German army “should or should not use armed drones? their debate has gained new momentum. Federal Defense Minister Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer praised the success of Turkish UCAVs:
“In Karabakh, the first UCAV war in history took place. The UCAV changed the course of the war with bombardments. The consequences were too heavy for the losing side.”
Emphasizing the German army’s lack of air defense and attack systems in this regard, Minister Kramp-Karrenbauer demanded the arming of unmanned aerial vehicles in the army’s presence and the acquisition of new UCAV.
“As a German army, we want to use UCAV to defend ourselves and protect ourselves,” said Eberhard Zorn, chief of the German General Staff.
Gert Estenhofer, head of the German Institute for Defense and Strategic Research (GIDS), says that in order for the defense system to meet the requirements of the era, it is necessary to arm unmanned aerial vehicles:
“Turkey has reached a very high technical level in this regard. While we discussed the necessity of UCAV, Turkey has created a successful technology for many years. They have developed different types of vehicles, the supply offered reminds of stalls in shopping malls.”
The German army has about 580 unmanned aerial vehicles. Arming army-owned drones and the purchase of new UCAVs have been a contentious issue in German politics for years. In the coalition government, the unity parties CDU/CSU demanded that Israel take Heron TP, the UCAV model developed by Israel, while its coalition partner, the SPD, is known as the party that prevents it.
Drones military gun supply and the development of unity is included in the coalition agreement signed between the parties finally, although three years ago with SPD, SPD chairman Norbert Walter-Borjans, “in the German army in terms of constitutional law and ethical UCAV as necessary for the use of the discussions is not satisfactory. So it is out of the question for us to approve it,” he clarified the attitude of the Social Democrats and blocked the way for new armed drones to be taken before the end of this legislative period.
Eva Högl, the SPD’s spokeswoman for Federal Defence Policies, had recently argued that while she favoured the removal of drones, she saw no ethical impediment and that drones would have a deterrent effect. The SPD leader’s latest statement was seen as an investment in next year’s autumn general election, but also caused a crisis in the government.
Hennig Otte, the CDU’s defence policy spokesman, said: “The Social Democrats are betraying our soldiers. Despite years of constructive and objective discussions documenting the importance of UCAVs, their opposition to UCAVs threatens the safety of our soldiers,” he said.
Defence ministry sources say Minister Kramp-Karrenbauer is angry at the SPD’s stance and aims to allocate part of the ministry’s budget for the revival of the joint UCAV project “Eurodrone”, which Germany launched with France, Spain and Italy in 2015.
Germany aims to develop with France, the first armed unmanned aerial vehicle “Euro Hawk” project, shelved last year after 12 years and spent 660 million euros in 2018, it was noted that a bid to buy Canada’s project offered to Germany.
Bayraktar TB2s destroyed the Russian Pantsir air defense systems used by Armenia in Nagorno-Karabakh. Praise also rose from Europe after the American Washington Post reported that ‘Turkey’s military actions outside the border are powered by armed drones produced by itself’.
The article at us publishing giant Bloomberg has once again attracted the attention of the world. An article signed by Leonerd Berschitsky shows the role that UAV and UCAV technology, led by Turkey, currently play and how it will change the future. The article noted::
“In Nagorno-Karabakh this autumn, the same drone was very effective on Armenian tanks, cannons and again some Russian-made anti-aircraft equipment.
The great hero of two recent conflicts – in Libya and Nagorno – Karabakh-is not even human. An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) or armed unmanned aerial vehicle (UCAV), called Bayraktar TB2, made by a Turkish company Baykar, in which President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s son-in-law, Selcuk Bayraktar, serves as its chief technical officer.
Last year in Libya, Bayraktar TB2 had success against the Russian anti-aircraft system Pantsir, helping the United Nations-recognized government of Fayez al-Sarraj hold Tripoli against an attack by General Khalifa Hafter, who was armed with Pantsirs .
This helped Azerbaijan to a decisive victory and reclaim most of the territory it had lost in a previous war in the 1990s through a peace deal brokered by Russia.
But an even bigger advantage comes from the fact that Turkey and its allies, the Sarraj government and President Ilham Aliyev, use drones to disrupt the balance of the Azerbaijani regime – attack-defense.
In both the Libyan and Karabakh Wars, drone operators took many risks to understand the vulnerabilities of the opposing side, and did not worry about losing one or two UAV/UCAV along the way.
But drones can be a nuisance for the great powers, just ask Russia. Armenia relied on Russian air defense systems and lost this gamble.
After Pantsir was ineffective in Libya, the Russian army’s official weekly newspaper, Zvezda, was forced to admit that the system had a ‘blind spot’ where an enemy could learn to enter, although it still denied the humiliating inability of the air defense system to Turkish drones.”
Ukraine, which officially announced last week that it will buy five more armed unmanned aerial vehicles (UCAV) Bayraktar TB2 from Turkey, is testing Turkish-made drones in its exercises.
The first signs of where and how Ukraine, which previously received six Bayraktar TB2 from Turkey, will use Turkish UCAV are also given.
The chief of staff of the Ukrainian Armed Forces, Ruslan Homchak, signaled that they could drive the Bayraktar TB2s into the field against Russian separatists in the Donbass region.
But the real surprise is Crimea. Local media, again citing General Homchak, wrote that the Ukrainian military, which is slowly gaining a swarm of drones, could use the Bayraktar TB2 directly against Russia for the first time.
According to reports, the newly acquired Bayraktar TB2s will fly over the Black Sea and the Azov Sea, spying on Crimea, which Russia invaded and annexed in 2014.
Local media reported that the drones, which can fly up to 300 kilometers, will identify Russian targets in Ukraine, and Chief of Staff Homchak made the statement during the exercise at the Shiroky Lan training area.
Ukrainian media write that the picture in the Donbas could change with the use of Bayraktar TB2s, as well as monitoring Russian targets in Crimea.
According to reports, the UCAVs, who changed the fate of the Nagorno-Karabakh War and almost never fell, will give a serious test against the Russians in Donbas.
Ukraine and Russia last faced off in the Kerch Strait in 2018. Two small boats belonging to the Ukrainian army trying to cross the Strait were seized by the Russian Navy, and Ukrainian soldiers were detained.
Russia, which also wants to block Ukraine’s access to the Azov Sea, which it accuses of violating its territorial waters, has deployed a tanker at the entrance to the Kerch Strait, flying its warplanes in the area.
While the Ukrainian military was on alert, Russia had deployed an S-400 missile defense system to Crimea to intimidate the Kiev administration.
Gustav Gressel, Senior Policy Fellow and analyst at the Council of Europe’s Foreign Relations (ECFR), said earlier in the week that Europe should undoubtedly learn from what Turkish Sikhs are doing in Nagorno-Karabakh. “The success of the Turkish Sikhs should worry Europe,” Gressel warned EU countries, recalling that the Nagorno-Karabakh War ended in only 44 days: “Armenia lost thousands of soldiers, likewise tanks and armored vehicles. Turkish drones played a key role in the victory of the Azerbaijani army.
Turkey has dramatically improved its drone technology in the past 10 years, despite some US restrictions and embargoes. These limitations led Turkey to produce its own technology.