Brussels, Belgium – The ” Turkey report “included in the 2020 Enlargement Package of the European Union (EU) Commission has been made public. Turkey’s progress report says its chances of membership have ‘evaporated’
The European Union (EU) Commission’s 2020 Enlargement Package, which includes the latest assessments of candidate countries Turkey, Serbia, Montenegro, North Macedonia and candidate countries Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo, was announced by EU Commission Member for neighborhood and enlargement Oliver Verhalyi. Turkey’s progress report criticized the government for undermining the economy, eroding democracy and destroying independent courts.
“The EU’s serious concerns about the rule of law, fundamental rights and ongoing negative developments in the judiciary have not been convincingly addressed by Turkey,” the commission said.
The report stated that the effects of the implementation of the state of emergency, which was abolished in 2018, continue to affect democracy and fundamental rights, and that the recommendations of the Council of Europe and its bodies have not been met, and all powers continue to be collected at the presidential level.
The report stated that there was a decline in democratic standards, the rule of law and respect for fundamental freedoms, political polarization prevented the creation of a constructive dialogue in the Parliament, and the supervision of the executive by the Parliament remained weak.
“While the fight against terrorism is the legitimate right of the government, the government is also obliged to ensure that this fight is carried out in accordance with the rule of law, human rights and fundamental freedoms,” the report said, noting that despite the improvement in the security environment, the situation in the southeast is of great concern. The measures taken in the fight against terrorism must be proportionate,” the statement said.
Turkey is partially or moderately prepared for Public Administration reform, the report said, noting that changes to the public service system “lead to further politicization of the administration”.
“There are concerns that export operations in the judiciary are causing an environment of self-censorship and fear in the judiciary,” the report said, noting that Turkey’s preparations for the judicial system are still at an early stage and that concerns about the lack of judicial independence continue.
The report, which assessed that the fight against corruption is at an early stage and no progress has been made, called for increased accountability and transparency of public institutions.
“Turkey is prepared at a certain level in the field of combating organized crime, and limited progress has been made.”the report stated that the data protection law should bring it into line with European standards.
Turkey’s foreign policy contrasted with EU priorities and tensions in the Eastern Mediterranean region increased during the reporting period, the report said.
The EU stressed the need to respect the sovereign rights of member states, the report said, recalling that the EU Council agreed on October 1st to implement a positive EU-Turkey political agenda, provided that efforts to reduce tensions continue.
As for Libya, “Turkey has contributed to the reversal of the situation on the ground by significantly increasing its military intervention in the conflict in Libya,” the report said.”As for Syria, Turkey has maintained military observation posts on the ground and brought more reinforcements to the region,” the report said.
“The Turkish economy is very advanced in terms of economic criteria, but it has not made any progress during the reporting period,” the report said under the heading “functioning of the market economy”. Serious concerns remain about the functioning of the economy.””as it were.
A number of measures were also taken to mitigate the economic impact of the epidemic, including monetary easing, but these measures were suppressed by limited policy space and institutional weaknesses, especially on the financial side, the report said.
Company Law in Turkey, trans-european networks, and science and research is quite advanced on the subject of the report ” free movement of goods, intellectual property law, financial services, enterprise and industrial policy, including in certain areas at a good level were prepared.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs released a statement on the report. “The sections of the European Commission 2020 Turkey report on the Eastern Mediterranean, Aegean and Cyprus issues are based entirely on Greek-GCA theses. This stains the impartiality of the Commission. We reject this biased and illegal view that contributes neither to the solution of the Cyprus problem nor to the stability of the Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean. Moreover, the fact that the Greek – GCA duo can take EU – Turkey relations hostage in this direction distorts the union from its strategic mind and vision and damages the interests of the EU,” the report said.