Yerevan, Armenia – The Azerbaijani army shot down another Su-25 fighter jet belonging to Armenia.

Azerbaijan’s Defense Ministry announced the destruction of a Su-25 fighter jet belonging to the Armenian Armed Forces, which attempted air strikes on Azerbaijani army positions.

The Ministry of National Defense (MND) also made the following statement on Twitter:

“The heroic Azerbaijani army, on the one hand, continues to save its occupied territory, and on the other hand, continues to repel the attacks of the Armenian army. The Azerbaijani army shot down another Su-25 aircraft belonging to Armenia in preparation for the attack.”

The Azerbaijani army, again mobilizing on many fronts against the Armenian forces, which broke the ceasefire and increased their attacks, continues its advance into the heart of Nagorno-Karabakh. Russia’s move drew attention as snow fell on the mountains where Pashinyan, the Armenian Prime Minister, was counting on Russia. According to the latest news, the Azerbaijani army shot down another Su-25 warplane belonging to Armenia.

The Azerbaijani army shot down another Su-25 fighter jet belonging to Armenia.

The Azerbaijani army, again mobilizing on many fronts against the Armenian forces, which broke the ceasefire and increased their attacks, continues its advance into the heart of Nagorno-Karabakh.

While intense clashes took place at 7 points in the region, yesterday many more settlements came under the control of the Azerbaijani army. The Ministry of Defence announced that Armenian forces had launched repeated attacks on civilian settlements and heavily shelled the city of Terter and Ağcabedi.

The Azerbaijani army shot down the military intelligence units of the Armenian forces. Azerbaijan’s Defense Ministry released images of those moments.

Continuing its advance to Khankendi, the administrative center of Nagorno-Karabakh, the Azerbaijani army continued its air and land attacks on positions belonging to Armenian forces in and around the city center yesterday.

Numerous explosions were observed from military points in and around the city center. Armenia, which suffered great losses in the extensive attacks of the Azerbaijani army, also began to drive women to the front.

“So far, many villages, towns and settlements, including the cities of Fizuli, Jabrayil, Zangilan and Gubadli, have been liberated from the invaders, ” said Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev, who accepted the delegation headed by Cavusoglu.

About 200 settlements have been liberated from the enemy,” he said.After Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan returned empty-handed during his visit to Moscow to get Russian support, this time the first and second Presidents of Armenia, Levon Ter-Petrosyan and Robert Kocherian, began preparing to go to Moscow.

Pashinyan asked Russia to immediately deploy “peacekeepers” to Karabakh, citing “the agreement on Friendship, Cooperation and mutual assistance made between the two countries in 1997” as a justification.

After the Azerbaijani army took over the initiative in Karabakh, the Iranian army continues to deploy to the northwest of the Aras River border, where the fighting has intensified. After Iran, Russian border guards were also reportedly stationed on the Nagorno-Karabakh-Armenia border, where the fighting continued.

After Iran, Russian border guards were also reportedly stationed on the Nagorno-Karabakh-Armenia border, where the fighting continued.

The occupying Nagorno-Karabakh administration, which the international community and even Armenia cannot recognize, announced on weekdays that Azerbaijani troops were only 5 kilometers away from the historical city of Shusha.

Shusha, which is also strategically important, is located on the road connecting Khankendi, the capital of Nagorno-Karabakh, to Armenia.

By liberating Shusha from occupation, the Azerbaijani army will have achieved its most important victory in Nagorno-Karabakh since the start of the fighting on September 27.

All Armenians were urged to defend the city, while Reuters news agency provided photographs of volunteers training around the capital Yerevan.

Footage taken by photojournalist Gleb Garanich showed the group, including children, young women and the elderly, training at a military camp outside Yerevan. The first noticeable detail in the photos was a clear reading of the despair reflected on the faces of those who participated in the training.

The Armenian army, increasingly stuck on the front line, provides tightrope landing training as well as aiming at volunteers.

Reuters photos showed some volunteers wearing military uniforms while others attended the training in tracksuits.

Seeing the defeat coming step by step, the Armenian administration has already begun evacuation operations of civilians living in Khankendi. The American Associated Press (AP) News Agency passed photos of those preparing to leave the city on buses.

Around Hankendi, where electricity was completely cut off, wildfires started as a result of clashes continued throughout the night.

The Azerbaijani army again made a difference with armed drones on the front line, where the sounds of explosions were not cut off during the night connecting Saturday to Sunday.

Footage has been released of Armenian soldiers hiding under trees to be camouflaged and shot down by drones.

Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan, who has lost thousands of troops since September 27 and has not stopped the defeat, once again asked Russian leader Vladimir Putin for help.

Pashinyan, who sent a long letter to Putin, asked for the start of consultations in which the support that the Moscow administration can offer Yerevan will be discussed. In his letter, Pashinyan cited the second article of the Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance Agreement of 29 August 1997 as the justification for the assistance.

But Russia’s response to Armenia was not at the level of the head of state, but through Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov. Lavrov, who has twice declared a ceasefire before, told Pashinyan that they would help if the clashes were moved directly to Armenia.

The Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), signed by Armenia, Russia and three other states, predicts that when any attack is carried out on these countries, others will step in. However, according to international law, Nagorno-Karabakh is not Armenian territory and is under occupation.

The response to Pashinyan’s letter literally caused an earthquake in Yerevan, Armenia’s former leader Levon Ter-Petrosyan says Russia politely showed the door.

Speaking to local media, Ter-Petrosyan said: “Putin responded to Pashinyan through the Russian Foreign Ministry. Don’t you understand what you’re saying? If you don’t understand that, shame on us today…. Putin said with complete sincerity and generosity, ‘I am obliged and ready to ensure the full security of Armenia, but in the end I understand – I am not the one who will solve the Karabakh conflict for you.'”

Nikol Pashinyan, who did not find the support he sought from Moscow, shared a message on his Twitter account on Saturday evening. Pashinyan reiterated his call for the international community to recognize the occupying Nagorno-Karabakh administration and argued that Armenians living in the region would be killed if Karabakh fell under Azerbaijani control.

A ceasefire has been declared three times so far in the deadliest clashes in Nagorno-Karabakh since 1994, but within minutes the weapons were fired again.

The occupied Nagorno-Karabakh administration has so far announced that more than 1,000 of its soldiers have died in the fighting. But international observers say the real number is in the thousands.

Sunday (September 27th) clashes in Nagorno-Karabakh began in the morning with Armenia violating the ceasefire. Nagorno-Karabakh is recognized as part of Azerbaijan by the United Nations (UN) and the international community. However, some areas in and around Nagorno-Karabakh, which accounts for about 20 percent of Azerbaijan’s territory, have been under Armenian occupation since the early 1990s. The region was declared a ‘Nagorno-Karabakh Republic’ in 1991. But no country, including Armenia, has recognized this place internationally.

Nagorno-Karabakh (Upper Karabakh), which covers an area of 4,400 square kilometers in the South Caucasus, has been waiting for a solution for many years as the biggest problem between Azerbaijan and Armenia. So, what is the history of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia, both countries of the former Soviet Union? The word origin of the’ Nagorno-Karabakh ‘ region consists of a mixture of several different languages. Even a few languages found in its name show how the region has been exposed to the transition between different cultures throughout history.

Nagorny (or Nagorno) in English is Karabakh. The word’ Nagorny ‘means’ mountainous ‘ (нагорный), in Russian. In Azerbaijani, just like in Turkish, it is referred to by the words ‘dağliq’ or ‘yuxarı’, which means ‘mountainous’. Karabakh, on the other hand, is a common word in Turkish and Persian, meaning ‘black garden’.

When Azerbaijan and Armenia joined the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1922, Nagorno-Karabakh developed into a structure that seemed accepted, but was not adopted by Armenians. In Nagorno-Karabakh, which was granted autonomous region status under the Republic of Azerbaijan in 1923, the status quo was maintained until the end of the 1980s, when the Soviet system came to a standstill, although ethnic Armenians living in the region raised their discomfort with the Azerbaijani administration from time to time.

Along with the process of openness (glasnost) and reconstruction (perestroika), which Mikhail Gorbachev, the last leader of the Soviet Union, initiated in 1985 to pave the way for a blocked system, Nagorno-Karabakh, like all the problem areas of the Caucasus, came to light. Evaluating the ever-weakening authority of the Soviet administration, the Autonomous Administration of Nagorno-Karabakh demanded annexation to the Republic of Armenia in 1988. While this demand was not reciprocated, after Azerbaijan and Armenia declared their independence in 1991, the secession attempts of the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh also intensified.

During this period, the Azerbaijani population in Karabakh had fallen by up to 20 percent due to forced migrations. In a referendum held on December 10, 1991, which was boycotted by Azerbaijanis remaining in the region, Armenians voted to leave Azerbaijan. After the referendum, the independence of Nagorno-Karabakh was declared, but this initiative did not find a response in the international community. Tensions between the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh, supported by the Armenian army, and the Azerbaijanis living in the region increased with the declaration of independence. In 1992, the conflict turned into a hot war between the Armenian army and the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh and the Azerbaijani army.

At the end of the war, the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh took control of the entire region, as well as occupied seven neighboring regions (Rayons). Thus, the direct contact points of Nagorno-Karabakh and Azerbaijan were quite limited. The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict has been described in academic circles as a ‘frozen conflict’ for years. Despite the ongoing settlement negotiations at intervals, violations of the mutual ceasefire are frequently repeated both on the Nagorno-Karabakh-Azerbaijan contact line and on the Azerbaijan-Armenia border. August 2014 saw the bloodiest clashes in 20 years. 13 Azerbaijani soldiers were killed in two days of fighting on the Nagorno-Karabakh border. The Armenian Defense Ministry also announced that 20 soldiers were killed.

Half a million refugees took refuge in Azerbaijan and Armenia, and about a million people were forced to relocate. Some towns and villages that existed before the beginning of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict were completely abandoned and destroyed. More than 14 percent of Azerbaijan’s territory is still under occupation. Azerbaijanis say that the region has historically been under their control and therefore belongs to them, while Armenians claim that Armenians have always lived in the region and that Azerbaijani rule is illegitimate.

Other states were reluctant to intervene because it was seen as a domestic issue. Since 1992, the conflict has become interstate due to the fact that it took place between Azerbaijan and Armenia. Defense spending in Azerbaijan has increased by about 50 percent every year since 2003. In 2012, defense spending accounted for a fifth of Azerbaijan’s total public spending. Armenia also expanded its arsenal with the help of Russia.

Although the exact numbers are not known, it is believed that the population of Lachin and Kelbajar with small settlements totaled about 14 thousand people. According to the co-chairs of the OSCE Minsk Group, there has been no significant increase in the population since 2005. Ethnic Armenians settled in the region have limited access to infrastructure, economic activities and public services. Many of them are also missing identity documents.

The weakest part of the problem is the contact line, which is 175 kilometers long. This line, filled with minefields, resembles the trenches of the first World War. 30 thousand soldiers have been deployed to the contact line by the Armenian side and slightly more than this number by Azerbaijan. The negotiations, conducted through the OSCE Minsk Group, have been difficult, as leaders are approaching a compromise, but are backing down out of concern that their country may not meet the demands of the public. Azerbaijanis and Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh cannot influence the process. Armenian and Azerbaijani public opinion has more influence on the process than the locals of the region.

The Minsk Group Co-Chairs have no spokespersons or media secretaries. For this reason, the talks have little media coverage. Russia, having previously taken a position close to Armenia, now prefers to stand at an equal distance from Azerbaijan and Armenia. This strategy strengthened after the war with Georgia in August 2008. The strategic priority has become the isolation of Georgia. The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is less important to the United States than the conflicts in the Middle East. The Armenian Lobby in Congress, the energy security of the Caspian Sea Basin, the ‘fight against terrorism’ and the ability to use Azerbaijani airspace on flights to Afghanistan are priority issues for the United States.