Ankara, Turkey – Parts of the Itokawa asteroid, which the Japanese Space Agency brought to earth with its Hayabusa mission in 2003, will be examined for the first time in Turkey after the application of scientist Mehmet Yeşiltaş was accepted.
As Turkey’s aerospace studies have moved to a new dimension in recent years, the research of Turkish scientists in this field has intensified.
In this context, 4 of the parts of the Itokawa asteroid that the Japanese Space Agency brought to earth with the Hayabusa mission in 2003, was brought to Turkey after accepting the project application of Prof. Dr. Mehmet Yeşiltaş at Lüleburgaz Faculty of Aeronautics and Space Sciences. Thus, for the first time in Turkey, it was possible to examine fragments brought from the surface of an asteroid in space.
Yeşiltaş, who previously carried out the Turkish Antarctic Meteorite search expeditions in Antarctica, described how the asteroid fragments in question were brought.
Recalling that the Japanese Space Agency (JAXA) launched a spacecraft called Hayabusa in 2003 to study the asteroid named Itokawa in detail, Yeşiltaş said that the spacecraft in question reached the asteroid Itokawa in 2005 and made planned observations.
Yeşiltaş noted that one of the most important features of this mission is to bring parts collected from the surface of an asteroid to earth for examination for the first time, noting that the capsule containing the collected particles left the spacecraft in 2007 and reached Earth in 2010 after about 3 years of space travel.
And some of them are very important elements of the asteroids of the solar system have changed much since they were first formed because of the past, drawing attention to important information about Yeşiltaş, scientists and asteroids both satellites with telescopes from the Earth expressed through the physical or chemical properties and their investigating.
Particles brought from the surface of the Itokawa asteroid have been studied by scientists since 2010.:
“Studies have found unexpected molecular structures such as water and organic matter in some particles. At the same time, detailed information has been obtained about the effects of space wear that this asteroid is exposed to in the space environment, and this information has been very useful both for understanding the space environment and for planning subsequent asteroid missions.”
Indicating that some criteria should be met to request particles from the asteroid Itokawa Yeşiltaş, Hayabusa mission brought within the scope of the asteroid particles in what way, with what techniques, which questions to search for answers to what research project should be applied to the Japanese Space Agency and since 2010, a total of 67 projects have been accepted, he said.
Yeşiltaş, “And I’ve done research for many years on meteoroids and scientific publications to share the findings I have gained knowledge and experience in controlling as to have very small particles, one rich in organic, Itokawa to examine the reference I made to the snippet JAXA a total of 4 68. it was considered a project and the particles were sent to us,” he said.
“In these particles that we have obtained from JAXA, we will examine a side of space wear that has not been studied before with high-resolution spectroscopic techniques. As a result of our research, we aim to obtain new findings on this issue, and therefore to better understand space wear and its consequences,” he said.
Yeşiltaş said that the organic matter present in one of the particles was most likely brought by another asteroid that hit the Itokawa asteroid earlier, describing the organic matter in the supplied particle and determining its structure and content, and from this information they plan to obtain information about the main asteroid that brought organic matter by hitting Itokawa.
Emphasizing that the investigation and study of asteroid particles is of great importance, Yeşiltaş continued:
“We know that such examples have never been studied in Turkey before. This study will be the first study of asteroid fragments in our country. We will gain new knowledge about asteroids and space wear that constantly directly affect them, as well as experience about asteroid particles.”
Yeşiltaş, research experience, which is gained by pointing out that they can be shared with researchers and other Turkish gains, “considering the establishment of Turkish Space Agency already planned and possible future missions, asteroids, and meteoroids on the planning of the research will contribute to the research we are doing and we believe that,” he said.