Baku, Azerbaijan – Armenia does not implement UN resolutions calling for an end to its occupation of Nagorno-Karabakh. 4 resolution adopted by the UNSC in 1993 provides for the immediate, unconditional and full withdrawal of Armenia from its occupied territories.
Resolution 4 of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), adopted in 1993 on the end of the occupation in Nagorno-Karabakh, has not been implemented to date.
At the heart of the counterattack launched by the Azerbaijani army to save its territory from occupation after Armenian forces opened fire on civilian settlements on September 27, the relevant UNSC resolutions remained on paper for many years.
Azerbaijan’s territory has been under occupation for nearly 30 years, as no pressure or sanctions have been imposed on Armenia by the UNSC.
Bmgk resolution 822 was adopted after the invasion of Kelbajar. In the resolution, which stated that stability and security in the region are under threat, Armenian forces demanded an end to the occupation.
The UNSC also adopted Resolution 853 on the invasion of Aghdam. In this resolution, the parties called for a ceasefire and the withdrawal of Armenian forces from all regions, including Aghdam.
Resolution 874, adopted after the invasion of the provinces of Fuzuli, Gabriel and Gubadli, called for a ceasefire and peace on the sides.
Resolution 884 was taken after the invasion of Zangilan, and the resolution demanded that the Armenian forces leave all occupied territories unconditionally. In this resolution, the Armenian forces were also asked to implement previously adopted resolutions 822, 853 and 874.
The Yerevan administration has so far ignored these decisions, which demanded the immediate, unconditional and full withdrawal of the Armenian army from the occupied territories.
President Ilham Aliyev, in the first place, and all Azerbaijani officials, made repeated statements that the UN applied double standards, decisions on some countries were implemented within days, and when it came to Azerbaijan, it was silent for years.
The Armenian administration in Nagorno-Karabakh, the occupied territory of Azerbaijan, is not recognized by any country, including Armenia, which patronizes it.
Armenia supports the administration in Nagorno-Karabakh, which is recognized as Azerbaijani territory by all UN member states.
Armenia, which provides economic, financial and military support to the administration in Nagorno-Karabakh, does not officially recognize this administration because it is afraid of international reactions.
The administration is recognized only by Abkhazia, which unilaterally declared independence from Georgia, and the Transnistrian administrations, which unilaterally declared independence from South Ossetia and Moldova.
The Armenian administration in Nagorno-Karabakh has diplomatic relations with only these three administrations.
During the dissolution of the Soviet Union, nationalist Armenians claimed rights in Nagorno-Karabakh. Armenian armed groups occupied Khankendi in 1991 and Khojaly and Shusha the following year. Armenian forces, which later captured Lachin, Khojavend, Kelbajar and Agdere, entered Agdam in 1993. Agdam was followed by the invasion of the provinces of Jabrayil, Fuzuli, Gubadli and Zangilan.
About 1 million civilians were also displaced during the period when 20 percent of Azerbaijan’s territory was occupied.
Azerbaijan and Armenia signed the ceasefire agreement known as the ‘Bishkek Protocol’ on 4-5 May 1994 in Bishkek on the initiative of the Interparliamentary Assembly of the Commonwealth of Independent States, the Kyrgyz parliament, the Federal Assembly of Russia and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. But the ceasefire remained on paper and thousands of soldiers were killed in the fighting.
In 1992, the Minsk Group was established to promote the peaceful settlement of the Armenia-Azerbaijan dispute and the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and to mediate between the parties. Although the OSCE Minsk Group, co-chaired by Russia, France and the United States, has made many initiatives in the past 28 years, it has not achieved concrete results for the solution of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.