Yerevan, Armenia – Historical victory from Azerbaijan.”The war in Nagorno-Karabakh is over,” Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan declared late at night. Then Russian President Vladimir Putin said that “a ceasefire has begun between Azerbaijan and Armenia since Tonight.” Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev said that the agreement meant the defeat of Armenia, and Pashinyan signed the agreement not of his own volition, but thanks to the “Iron Fist” of Azerbaijan. Meanwhile, in Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, people took to the streets. A crowd stormed the government building.
It was announced that the war had ended in Nagorno-Karabakh, where Armenia was in an occupying position. What happened today played a key role in ending the war.
On the 42nd day of the Nagorno-Karabakh War, the capture of Shusha, the heart of the occupied region, by the Azerbaijani army broke the apocalypse in Armenia. Azerbaijan announced that 1 Town and 119 villages, as well as the Bartaz settlement, the strategic bartaz Hill, cattle, Shukurataz and 13 more strategic hills were saved from occupation, while the news that Pashinyan’s resignation was requested had a bomb effect.
The villages described by Azerbaijani leader Aliyev are connected to the cities of Fuzuli, Khojaly, Khojavend, Jabrail, Gubadli and Zangilan. Thus, more than 265 villages and towns with 5 cities have been cleared from Armenian forces since the beginning of the war.
As Shusha was retaken on Sunday, the distance of Azerbaijani troops to the capital Khankendi fell four kilometers and 15 kilometers from land.
According to the Armenian side’s statement This Morning, 44 more soldiers died on Sunday, bringing the total number to 1,221. International observers, however, note that the real losses of Armenia, which is running to defeat, are in the thousands.
The American Associated Press (AP) News Agency passed photos that proved that Armenians began to flee from Occupied Nagorno-Karabakh towards Armenia.
After the fall of Shusha, the Armenian army again launched missile attacks targeting cities inhabited by civilians, and many houses in Terter were damaged.
Political scientist Suren Sargsyan told the BBC that with Shusha falling, the Opposition in Armenia could demand a change of government. Political scientist Aleksandr Iskandaryan, head of the Caucasus Institute, said that Shusha has both control over Khankendi and ties with Armenia.
Hours after analysts ‘ assessments, the first move against Pashinyan took place in Yerevan. The BBC announced that the Prosperous Armenia and smart Armenia parties in Parliament have requested a meeting with Pashinyan. It was the second call they made to Prime Minister Pashinyan in the past 15 days.
Opposition parties in Armenia demanded that Pashinyan resign from his post. In Karabakh, 17 opposition political parties in the country issued joint statements against the Pashinyan government due to the successful operations of the Azerbaijani army.
“In order to prevent irreparable losses, the political forces demand that Pashinyan and his government, who are responsible for the current catastrophic situation, leave office without turmoil of their own volition,” the statement said, saying that power was “insufficient” in the conflict in Karabakh.”the statement was used. A few hours after this happened, Pashinyan said late at night, “we signed a statement together with Putin and Aliyev to end the war in Karabakh.”
“At 01.00, I signed a statement with the Presidents of Russia and Azerbaijan for the end of the Karabakh War,” Pashinyan said on his official social media account. The text of the statement published is incredibly painful for me and our people., “he said.
Russian President Vladimir Putin also declared that “a ceasefire between Azerbaijan and Armenia began tonight from 00:00 (TSI).” “Azerbaijan and Armenia will remain in the positions they control.” said. Announcing that all transportation centers in Karabakh will be reopened, the Russian leader said that the agreements will also be long-term.
“Russian peacekeepers set off for Karabakh, take-off was carried out by Il-76 aircraft from Ulyanovsk airport,” the Russian Defense Ministry said.
Azerbaijan’s President Aliyev announced the end of the Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict with the agreement signed today. “Agdam Rayon will be delivered to Azerbaijan by November 20,” Aliyev said, explaining that Kelbajer will be returned to Azerbaijan by November 15 and Lachin by December 1. The Azerbaijani President said that the agreement meant the defeat of Armenia, and that Pashinyan signed the agreement not of his own volition, but thanks to the “Iron Fist” of Azerbaijan.
Aliyev continued his statement: “since September 27, the rescue of around 300 settlements has broken the back of the Armenian army. According to the Russian military agreement, Nagorno-Karabakh will remain for 5 years, this period can be extended if the parties do not object.”
Aliyev also noted that Turkey will play a role in the process of achieving peace in Nagorno-Karabakh, saying: “Today’s statement includes the task of a joint peacekeeping force of Russia and Turkey. We are creating a whole new format for regional contacts,” he said.
“There is not a single word in the statement about the status of Nagorno-Karabakh,” Aliyev said of the agreement. Armenia’s demand for autonomy was not taken into account. All transportation lines between Nakhchivan Azerbaijan will be built. Communications and power lines will be repaired again. This declaration has historical significance. This declaration means the conditional surrender of Armenia and the end of the long-running occupation.”
“I want to tell you a lot about this situation, but I can’t, because my words will endanger the soldiers standing in their positions,” Pashinyan said, adding that he had no choice but to sign the declaration.
When Pashinyan announced the agreement, the country became entangled. Citizens who poured into the street stormed the government building.Activists stormed the building and seized some rooms.
Windows on the first floor were broken, and gunshots started coming from the street in front of the government building. Some activists allegedly broke through the door and entered Pashinyan’s office.
Commenting on the public’s protest against him, Pashinyan said: “anyone who leads the people to revolt will be brought to justice., ” he said. “The decision I made was taken on the basis of in-depth analyses and evaluations of people with knowledge of the military situation. I had no choice but to sign the declaration.” said.
Shusha, which Azerbaijanis call ‘the beating heart of Karabakh’, ‘the cradle of music and art’ and ‘the eyes of Azerbaijan’, was occupied by the Armenian army on May 8, 1992.
Sunday (September 27th) clashes in Nagorno-Karabakh began in the morning with Armenia violating the ceasefire. Nagorno-Karabakh is recognized as part of Azerbaijan by the United Nations (UN) and the international community. However, some areas in and around Nagorno-Karabakh, which accounts for about 20 percent of Azerbaijan’s territory, have been under Armenian occupation since the early 1990s. The region was declared a ‘Nagorno-Karabakh Republic’ in 1991. But no country, including Armenia, has recognized this place internationally.
Nagorno-Karabakh (Upper Karabakh), which covers an area of 4,400 square kilometers in the South Caucasus, has been waiting for a solution for many years as the biggest problem between Azerbaijan and Armenia. So, what is the history of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia, both countries of the former Soviet Union? The word origin of the’ Nagorno-Karabakh ‘ region consists of a mixture of several different languages. Even a few languages found in its name show how the region has been exposed to the transition between different cultures throughout history.
Nagorny (or Nagorno) in English is Karabakh. The word’ Nagorny ‘means’ mountainous ‘ (нагорный), in Russian. In Azerbaijani, just like in Turkish, it is referred to by the words ‘dağliq’ or ‘yuxarı’, which means ‘mountainous’. Karabakh, on the other hand, is a common word in Turkish and Persian, meaning ‘black garden’.
When Azerbaijan and Armenia joined the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1922, Nagorno-Karabakh developed into a structure that seemed accepted, but was not adopted by Armenians. In Nagorno-Karabakh, which was granted autonomous region status under the Republic of Azerbaijan in 1923, the status quo was maintained until the end of the 1980s, when the Soviet system came to a standstill, although ethnic Armenians living in the region raised their discomfort with the Azerbaijani administration from time to time.
Along with the process of openness (glasnost) and reconstruction (perestroika), which Mikhail Gorbachev, the last leader of the Soviet Union, initiated in 1985 to pave the way for a blocked system, Nagorno-Karabakh, like all the problem areas of the Caucasus, came to light. Evaluating the ever-weakening authority of the Soviet administration, the Autonomous Administration of Nagorno-Karabakh demanded annexation to the Republic of Armenia in 1988. While this demand was not reciprocated, after Azerbaijan and Armenia declared their independence in 1991, the secession attempts of the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh also intensified.
During this period, the Azerbaijani population in Karabakh had fallen by up to 20 percent due to forced migrations. In a referendum held on December 10, 1991, which was boycotted by Azerbaijanis remaining in the region, Armenians voted to leave Azerbaijan. After the referendum, the independence of Nagorno-Karabakh was declared, but this initiative did not find a response in the international community. Tensions between the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh, supported by the Armenian army, and the Azerbaijanis living in the region increased with the declaration of independence. In 1992, the conflict turned into a hot war between the Armenian army and the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh and the Azerbaijani army.
At the end of the war, the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh took control of the entire region, as well as occupied seven neighboring regions (Rayons). Thus, the direct contact points of Nagorno-Karabakh and Azerbaijan were quite limited. The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict has been described in academic circles as a ‘frozen conflict’ for years. Despite the ongoing settlement negotiations at intervals, violations of the mutual ceasefire are frequently repeated both on the Nagorno-Karabakh-Azerbaijan contact line and on the Azerbaijan-Armenia border. August 2014 saw the bloodiest clashes in 20 years. 13 Azerbaijani soldiers were killed in two days of fighting on the Nagorno-Karabakh border. The Armenian Defense Ministry also announced that 20 soldiers were killed.
Half a million refugees took refuge in Azerbaijan and Armenia, and about a million people were forced to relocate. Some towns and villages that existed before the beginning of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict were completely abandoned and destroyed. More than 14 percent of Azerbaijan’s territory is still under occupation. Azerbaijanis say that the region has historically been under their control and therefore belongs to them, while Armenians claim that Armenians have always lived in the region and that Azerbaijani rule is illegitimate.
Other states were reluctant to intervene because it was seen as a domestic issue. Since 1992, the conflict has become interstate due to the fact that it took place between Azerbaijan and Armenia. Defense spending in Azerbaijan has increased by about 50 percent every year since 2003. In 2012, defense spending accounted for a fifth of Azerbaijan’s total public spending. Armenia also expanded its arsenal with the help of Russia.
Although the exact numbers are not known, it is believed that the population of Lachin and Kelbajar with small settlements totaled about 14 thousand people. According to the co-chairs of the OSCE Minsk Group, there has been no significant increase in the population since 2005. Ethnic Armenians settled in the region have limited access to infrastructure, economic activities and public services. Many of them are also missing identity documents.
The weakest part of the problem is the contact line, which is 175 kilometers long. This line, filled with minefields, resembles the trenches of the first World War. 30 thousand soldiers have been deployed to the contact line by the Armenian side and slightly more than this number by Azerbaijan. The negotiations, conducted through the OSCE Minsk Group, have been difficult, as leaders are approaching a compromise, but are backing down out of concern that their country may not meet the demands of the public. Azerbaijanis and Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh cannot influence the process. Armenian and Azerbaijani public opinion has more influence on the process than the locals of the region.
The Minsk Group Co-Chairs have no spokespersons or media secretaries. For this reason, the talks have little media coverage. Russia, having previously taken a position close to Armenia, now prefers to stand at an equal distance from Azerbaijan and Armenia. This strategy strengthened after the war with Georgia in August 2008. The strategic priority has become the isolation of Georgia. The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is less important to the United States than the conflicts in the Middle East. The Armenian Lobby in Congress, the energy security of the Caspian Sea Basin, the ‘fight against terrorism’ and the ability to use Azerbaijani airspace on flights to Afghanistan are priority issues for the United States.