Baku, Azerbaijan – Armenia and Azerbaijan have reported increasing civilian and military casualties amid violent clashes over the breakaway enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh. Meanwhile, UN chief Antonio Guterres has called for a ceasefire.

Fighting between Azerbaijani and Armenian forces in the Caucasus escalated on Monday, with fresh casualties reported in the occupied Nagorno-Karabakh region.

Azerbaijani forces launched a “massive offensive at the Karabakh frontline’s southern and north-eastern sectors,” Armenia’s Defense Ministry spokesman Artsrun Hovhannisyan said on Monday evening.

Some 200 troops have been wounded, Armenian Defense Ministry said, but many were only slightly injured and have returned to action.

Officials in the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh said that 26 more of their troops were killed on Monday evening, bringing the rebels’ total military casualties to 84.

The overall death toll has now reached 95, with 11 civilians killed since violence broke out on Sunday; nine in Azerbaijan and two on the Armenian side.

The worst violence in the region since 2016 has raised the prospect of a new war in an area that has been simmering for decades.

UN Security Council to meet over clashes
The United Nations Security Council is expected to hold emergency talks on the Karabakh conflict on Tuesday, according to diplomats.

The meeting, taken up at the request of France and Germany, will be held behind closed doors.

Earlier on Monday, UN chief Antonio Guterres called for a ceasefire while in talks with the leaders of the two countries.

Guterres stressed “the need for an immediate stop to the fighting and resumption without precondition of meaningful negotiations without delay under the umbrella of the Minsk Group co-chairs,” said Guterres’ spokesperson, Stephane Dujarric.

Mobilizing for war
Both countries have declared martial law. The president of Azerbaijan declared a partial military mobilization in the country as part of a presidential decree on Monday morning. Armenia began a general mobilization on Sunday.

The EU’s foreign policy chief, Josep Borrell, announced on Twitter that he had spoken to ministers of both countries and stressed the need to return to negotiations under the auspices of the Minsk Group — intermediaries consisting of Russia, the US and France, adding that there is “no military solution to the conflict.”

The Russian Foreign Ministry called on both sides to show restraint. Russia is an ally of Armenia.

A spokesperson for China’s Foreign Ministry similarly urged restraint and said that they hoped the two countries could resolve their differences through dialogue.

While many in the international community urged for de-escalation, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan demanded Armenia end its “occupation” of Karabakh.

“The time has come for the crisis in the region that started with the occupation of Nagorno Karabakh to be put to an end,” Erdogan said. “Now Azerbaijan must take matters into its own hands.”

Azerbaijan-Armenia clashes over Nagorno-Karabakh escalate.

Death toll mounts amid diplomatic efforts to stop violence with France calling for urgent Minsk Group meeting.

As the crisis between Armenia and Azerbaijan escalates, diplomatic efforts are underway to stop the fighting. France is calling for an urgent meeting of the Minsk Group, led by Russia, France and the US, to find a solution to the long-running conflict.
The fierce fighting, which continued for a third day on Tuesday, has killed dozens of soldiers and at least 11 civilians so far.
The UN and the international community have called for an immediate ceasefire and a negotiated settlement.

Turkey denies sending Syrian fighters to help ally Azerbaijan
Turkey denied reports that it sent Syrian fighters to help its ally Azerbaijan fight Armenian forces over the Nagorno-Karabakh region, saying the assertions were part of Armenia’s attempts to create “dark propaganda” about Turkey.

On Monday, the Armenian ambassador to Russia said Turkey had sent around 4,000 fighters from Turkish-controlled northern Syria to Azerbaijan and that they were involved in hostilities in Nagorno-Karabakh.

Qatar’s Emir hold phone call with Azerbaijan president
Qatar’s Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani called for calm and for resolving the dispute between the two countries through dialogue and diplomatic means in order to preserves the interests of the two countries.

Putin urges all sides to hold fire in Nagorno-Karabakh during phone call with Armenian Prime Minister
Russian President Vladimir Putin urged the opposing sides in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict to hold their fire, during a conversation with Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan.

Putin emphasised the urgent need for a ceasefire and for all sides to take measures to de-escalate the crisis.

Armenia and Azerbaijan accused one another on Tuesday of firing directly into each other’s territory and rejected pressure to hold peace talks as their conflict over the enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh threatened to spill over into all-out war.

Armenia says talks with Azerbaijan not possible while military action taking place
Armenian Prime Minister has urged the international community to condemn Azeri and Turkish aggression, saying the existence of the Armenian people is under threat.

Nikol Pashinyan also said talks with Azerbaijan is not possible while military action is taking place on ground.

Azerbaijan’s president says there cannot be talks with Armenia
Azerbaijan’s President Ilham Aliyev has rejected any possibility of talks with neighbouring Armenia over the breakaway Nagorno-Karabakh region and said that Yerevan’s demands were unacceptable.

Aliyev said that Azerbaijan’s ally Turkey was not a party to the conflict and its role in the region was of a stabilising nature.

Azerbaijan says 12 Azeri civilians killed, 35 wounded by Armenian fire

Twelve Azeri civilians have been killed and 35 wounded by Armenian fire, the Azeri Prosecutor’s office said.

The statement marked a sharp rise in reported civilian casualties from a flare-up in fighting between Azeri and ethnic Armenian forces over the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh.

Armenia says warplane downed; Azerbaijan and Turkey deny it
A Turkish F-16 fighter jet shot down an Armenian SU-25 warplane over Armenian territory, killing the pilot, an Armenian defence ministry spokeswoman said.

“An Armenian SU-25 aircraft has been shot down by a Turkish F-16 warplane… which flew from Azerbaijan’s territory,” Armenian defence ministry spokeswoman Shushan Stepanyan wrote on Facebook, adding that the “Armenian pilot has heroically died”.

Azerbaijan’s Defence Ministry and Turkey officials deny shooting down the warplane.

Turkey backs Azerbaijan fight for ‘occupied lands’: Erdogan aide
Turkey is “fully ready” to help Azerbaijan take back its separatist region of Nagorny Karabakh, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s top press aide said Tuesday ahead of a UN Security Council debate on the crisis.

“Turkey will be fully committed to helping Azerbaijan take back its occupied lands and to defending their rights and interests under international law,” Fahrettin Altun tweeted, adding that Turkey hoped the UN meeting “will establish a strong foundation for a solution”.

Kremlin urges Turkey to work for ceasefire in Nagorno-Karabakh
Russia has urged Turkey to work to bring an end to deadly clashes in the Nagorno-Karabakh separatist region as Ankara has strongly backed Azerbaijan.

“We call on all sides, especially partner countries such as Turkey to do all they can for a ceasefire and get back to a peaceful settlement of this conflict using political and diplomatic means,” Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told journalists.

“Any statements about some kind of support and military activity undoubtedly add fuel to the flames. We are categorically against this.”

Pompeo says violence must stop in Nagorno-Karabakh conflict
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has urged Armenia and Azerbaijan to cease hostilities as clashes continued over the breakaway Nagorno-Karabakh region.

“The foreign minister and I addressed the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh where both sides need to stop the violence and work with the Minsk Group co-chairs and return to substantive negotiations as quickly as possible,” he said, alongside his Greek counterpart during a visit to Crete.

Armenia reports first death on its soil after Azeri shelling
A civilian was killed in the Armenian town of Vardenis after it was shelled by Azeri artillery and targeted in a drone attack, Armenia’s foreign ministry said, the first casualty on Armenian soil since fighting broke out in Nagorno-Karabakh.

Armenia and Azerbaijan accused each other on Tuesday of firing into each other’s territory, far from the conflict zone in the breakaway Azeri region backed by Yerevan, as the worst spate of fighting since the 1990s raged for a third day.

Azerbaijan’s defence ministry said that from Vardenis the Armenian army had shelled the Dashkesan region inside Azerbaijan. Armenia denied those reports.

France urges international talks on Armenia-Azerbaijan clashes
France has said that it would call for talks among the ‘Minsk Group’ – which is led by Russia, France and the United States and mediates between Armenia and Azerbaijan – to try to resolve an escalating conflict between the two South Caucasus countries.

“We will trigger in the coming days a co-ordination of the Minsk Group to clear up what happened, who is responsible and find a way out,” an official at Macron’s office told Reuters on Tuesday.

Iran denies letting Armenian arms pass through its territory

Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Saeed Khatibzadeh has denied reports that Iranian soil is being used to transfer arms and military equipment to Armenia.

“While supervising and controlling transportation of goods to other countries, the Islamic Republic will by no means allow our soil to be used to move arms and ammunition,” he said during a press conference, adding that any trucks crossing borders are as usual carrying “conventional, non-military goods”.

Merkel urges ‘immediate ceasefire’ in Karabakh fighting
German Chancellor Angela Merkel has called for an “immediate” end to the fighting in the region of Nagorno-Karabakh in phone calls with the leaders of Armenia and Azerbaijan, her spokesman said.

“The chancellor urgently called for an immediate ceasefire and a return to the negotiating table,” Steffen Seibert said.

Merkel spoke with Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan on Monday and with Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev on Tuesday, he added.

Ten Azeri civilians killed since start of fighting: Ifax cites Azeri president
Azerbaijan President Ilham Aliyev said that 10 Azeri civilians had been killed since fighting with Armenian forces began on Sunday over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, the Interfax news agency reported.

Armenian and Azeri forces have accused each other of firing at border positions and civilian settlements in Nagorno-Karabakh, in some of the worst fighting since the 1990s.

Azerbaijan’s SOCAR says its oil infrastructure guarded by army
Azeri state energy company SOCAR has said that the country’s oil infrastructure was being guarded by the army amid fighting with ethnic Armenian forces over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, Interfax news agency reported.

Azeri forces fire at Armenian military unit far from Nagorno-Karabakh: Armenia
Azeri armed forces opened fire on an Armenian military unit in the border town of Vardenis, and miles away from the breakaway Nagorno-Karabakh region which has been the focus of clashes in the past few days, the Armenian defence ministry said.

A civilian bus caught fire after being hit by an Azeri unmanned drone, it said in a statement.

Separately, Armenia denied an earlier report by Azerbaijan’s defence ministry that the Armenian army had shelled the Dashkesan region on the border between the two countries

Nagorno-Karabakh fighting continues for the third day

Armenian and Azeri forces have deployed heavy artillery in the latest fighting over Nagorno-Karabakh, both sides said.

The Azeri defence ministry said the opposing forces attempted to recover lost ground by launching counter-attacks towards Fuzuli, Jabrayil, Agdere and Terter and that there was fighting around Fizuli city on Tuesday morning and the Armenian army shelled the Dashkesan region on the border between the two countries, miles away from Nagorno-Karabakh.

Armenia denied shelling Dashkesan, but reported fighting throughout the night and said that Nagorno-Karabakh’s army repelled attacks from several directions along the line of contact.

53 troops killed in clashes with Azeri forces: Nagorno-Karabakh
Nagorno-Karabakh said 53 of its soldiers had been killed in fighting with Azeri forces.

It also said it had recovered some lost territory on Sunday, but its leader later said neither the Azeri army nor the Armenian military captured any tactical positions during the fighting on Monday.

He said the Azeri army had started a significant attack towards Matagis and Talish.

OIC condemns Armenian ‘aggression’ against Azerbaijan

The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) has condemned Armenia’s “aggression” against Azerbaijan and called for a political solution to the conflict between the two countries.

Renewing its solidarity with Azerbaijan, the organisation said it was deeply concerned and was monitoring several of Armenia’s attacks on its eastern neighbour and “violating the ceasefire and leaving behind civilian casualties”.

“It [OIC] calls for the full and unconditional withdrawal of Armenian forces from the occupied Azeri territories and for dialogue to reach a political solution to the conflict between the two countries based on respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of Azerbaijan, and the inviolability of its internationally recognized borders,” the OIC statement said.